Learn Basic Japanese: What you really need to know to Survive

    Posted: May 10 2021

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    Here’s what might happen if you don’t read our learn basic Japanese to survive guide…

    You’re strolling through the streets of Tokyo. The sun is beating down on your face. ‘Is this what happiness feels like?’, you ask yourself. You have a wonderful day planned and your Japanese is going to make that possible. A quick train ride to the hotel, check in, and straight out for some sushi. I’m starving!

    But wait. How do I get someone’s attention again? What was the Japanese for excuse me? I need to double-check with someone that I’m heading in the right direction.

    And so it begins. You feel yourself losing it – and you’ve only just arrived!

     

    horror

    Don’t let this be you. Instead, learn Japanese not just to survive – but thrive! – in Japan! And communicate with confidence. 

     

    ‘Excuse me’ in Japanese:

    ‘umm, excuse me?’ = ‘anō’  (あのー)  (used for getting attention)

    excuse_me

     

    Learn Basic Japanese to Survive

    Your first time talking with locals in Japanese can be scary. That’s why you need some super useful words & phrases to help you out.

     

    The point of learning a language is to use it, right?

    That might seem obvious. But it’s amazing how many language learners forget about real-world competence. Learning loads of verbs, grammar, and words is great… but not if you don’t use them!

     

    Equipping yourself with a Japanese survival kit takes the anxiety out of speaking. Keep these in your back pocket (or in our app 👋) to help memorise them.

     

    Learn these basic Japanese words & phrases

    helloo

    Hello/good day

    konnichiwa (こんにちは)

    WhatsYourName

    What is your name?

    o namae wa? (おなまえは)

    IAm

    I am... 

    watasha wa... desu (わたしは…です)

    ExcuseMeImSorry

    Excuse me/I'm sorry

    sumimasen (すみません)

    no

    No, that's not right

    chigai-masu (ちがいます)

    yes

    Yes, exactly

    sō desu (そうです)

    Incredible

    Incredible!

    SUGOI すごい” or saikō desu! さいこうです!

    CanIaskyouAQuestion

    May I ask you a question?

    shitsumon o shite mo ii desu ka? (あのー、ちょっとすみません)

     

    How to ask for directions

    where_is_thetrainstation

    Where is the train station?

    densha no eki wa doko desu ka? 電車の駅はどこですか ?

    which direction1

    Which direction? 

    docchi どっち?

     

    Ask someone to repeat something

    Japanese locals will be happy to repeat anything and be super impressed with your speaking efforts! Remember you’re a language learning superstar. 🌟

     

    SlowlyPlease

    Slowly, please

    yukkuri onegai simasu

    (ゆっくりおねがいします)

    please say that one more time

    please say that one more time

    mō ichido itte kudasai

    (もういちど 言ってください)

     

    These will become your back-pocket Bible. Your get out of jail cards. We’ll hit you with some more later. But for now – let’s tell you about the written characters that make up the Japanese language!

     

    Learn Japanese Alphabet

    To navigate your way through Japan like a knife through butter – you’ll need to recognise some written symbols!

     

    How to learn Japanese alphabet (hiragana, katakana and kanji)

    Do I need to learn the Japanese alphabet to survive in Japan? Well… the ‘alphabet’ isn’t quite the right word. Japanese language has 3 written scripts of symbols or characters: hiragana, katakana and kanji.

     

    • Hiragana – 46 syllabic written characters that are spoken to make sounds (and form sentences with kanji!).

     

    • Katakana – 46 syllabic written characters of words stolen from other languages!

     

    For example:

    -   Coffee (in English)  =  kōhī  (コーヒー)

    -   Ice cream (in English)  =  aisu kuriimu  (アイスクリーム)

     

    For example: sushi = 寿司

     

    Learning some Japanese Kanji lets you walk into the right bathroom. Withdraw money. Order ramen. You name it.

     

    Why do I need to learn Japanese characters?

    These are your survival symbols! They’ll help you:

    • Work washing machines: turning all your clothes orange on day 1 isn’t a great start. Plus Japanese showers and toilets (with their different flush options!)
    • Operate the TV remote and watch cool Japanese TV shows.
    • Travel in all forms: by plane, bus, taxi and on foot. And buy any tickets you need.
    • Check into your accommodation in style.
    • Order mouth-watering Japanese food from a menu.
    • Navigate your way around cultural attractions easily.
    • Using the right gendered bathroom!
    • Use a cashpoint without stress.

     

    Spot these survival signs and you’ll come off as a real pro! See these 3 examples of when they’ll come in handy.

     

    1) Paying for things: 円

    The Japanese currency is 円 (yen). For reference:            

    Approx: $10 = 1100 円        £10 = 1506.86 円           €10 = 1305 円

     

    You’ll need this for travel, accommodation, food & drink, everything. This really is a survival sign!

     

    Can you spot the price: below? 👀

     Something to look out for: Japanese prices show without VAT (to show what companies are sharing you) and a price with VAT (this is what you’re paying!).  Look for 税込 ('zei-komi', meaning tax-including), ignore 税抜 (without tax).

     

    2) Withdrawing money: 出

    Next challenge. You’re at the cash point and your head’s about to explode! But it’s not because of all the Japanese sake you just tried.

     

    jpn_image

     

    To withdraw cash, click on:

    出 (outside, to exit) = meaning "taking OUT money"

    入 (to enter) = "to make a deposit into the account"

     

    Easy! These kanji are also used as part of the signs:

    入口 = entrance

    出口  = exit

     

    Helpful, right?

     

    3) Going to the bathroom: 女 or 男

    How to ask someone ‘Where is the bathroom?’ in Japanese?

    where is the bathroom

     

    Or look for the Kanji (お手洗い) or Hiragana: (おてあらい) toilet. 2 options: use the correct bathroom or give someone a heart attack…

    Remember that: 女 (woman) 男 (man). You do the rest.

     

    Look. These don’t just prevent anxious sweaty palm moments. They let you immerse yourself and communicate with people! Buy your new friend that beer. Call that cab. Invite someone over for dinner! Put simply: create exciting new life experiences through language. 

     

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    Want to know more Japanese symbols? Course you do. Click on our Intro to Japanese Scripts course to discover more cool symbols and characters that make up the language!

     

    Learn Basic Japanese

    Planning your travels? Or perhaps you want to live & work in Japan? Either way – calling on key words & phrases for any situation means you’ll be doing it in style.

     

    Learn Japanese words & phrases 

    Learning how to say hello in Japanese is a good place to start:

     

    konnichiwa (こんにちは) = hello

    helloo-1

     

    Here are some useful Japanese words to keep in your back pocket (*downloading our app makes this possible… just saying 😉).

     

    please

    Please

    onegai shi-masu おねがいします

    thank you casual

    thank you

    arigato (ありがとう) (casual)

    thank you formal

     thank you

    arigatō gozaimasu ありがとうございます (formal)

     

    thanks

     thanks

    Dōmo (どうも)

    is our favourite - a casual ‘thanks!’

     

    There is no direct translation ‘thank you very much’ so here are 3 ways to express your thanks in Japanese. 

     

    SNACK_JP_S1_A_SD1_200406_49_3W_1__2701

     

     

    your welcome

     You're welcome

    dōitashimashite (どういたしまして)

    nice to meet you

    nice to meet you

    hajimemashite はじめまして (before introduction)

     

    nice to meet you (after)

    nice to meet you

     yoroshiku onegaishimasu (よろしくおねがいします) (after introduction)

     

    good luck

     good luck

    gambatte! (がんばって!)

     

    how are you doing

    how are you doing?

    genki? (げんき?) (casual)

     

    im good thats unnessary

     i'm good, that's unnecessary

    ī desu (いいです)

     

     

    thank you for the food (before)

    thanks for the food

    itadakimasu (いただきます) (before meal)

     

     

    thank you for the food (after)

    thanks for the food

    gochisōsama desu (ごちそうさまです) (after meal)


     

    Special occasion

     

    happy new year

    Happy New Year

    akemashite omedetō gozaimasu! (あけましておめでとうございます!)

     

    happy birthday

    Happy Birthday

    otanjōbi omedetō (おたんじょうびおめでとう)

     

     

    merry christmas

    Merry Christmas

    merīkurisumasu! (メリークリスマス)

     

    come on lets go

    Let's go

    sā, iki-mashō さあ,行きましょう

     

    You can listen to a bunch more of super useful (real-life relevant!) phrases spoken by native Japanese speakers. How? Start learning NOW!

     

    Learn Japanese Grammar

    The importance of Japanese grammar depends on your reasons for learning Japanese. Need to learn to write Japanese to craft a Japanese novel worthy of Haruki Murakami? You may want to spend some time. Looking to survive and thrive in Japan without drama? Try to remember these essential survival points:

    • The sentence order is usually subject-object-verb.

    This takes some getting used to, especially for English speakers used to their subject-verb-object sentence structure. So instead of ‘I eat Ramen’, the Japanese is ラーメンを食べます (Ramen I eat)

    • The particle “ha: wa” tells us the topic of a sentence! (は)
    hawa

     

    • The articles “a”, “an” and “the” do not exist in Japanese 
    • “desu” and “masu” sounds at the end makes the sentence polite 
    • “you” (あなた) is rarely used and it is more natural leave it out in conversation
    • “ne?” (ね) at the end (or one its own) is a sound for inviting agreement. “ne?” “neee?” = “don’t you agree?” “you think so too, right?”
    • Adding “ka” (か) at the end changes a sentence into question
    ka

     

    So there you have it! Make these words, phrases and signs your back-pocket Bible to survive in Japan. Remember these as you learn Japanese and you’ll cruise Japan around with confidence.

    For more: dive into course Our Japanese course to watch videos and audio of Japanese locals teaching you super helpful words & phrases! Or click below.

    Start learning Japanese now