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Level 8

Week 8 - Environment


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atmosphere
the mass of air surrounding the Earth
carbon dioxide
a gas that is produced when people and animals breathe out or when certain fuels are burned and that is used by plants for energy
climate change
a long-term change in the earth's climate, especially a change due to an increase in the average atmospheric temperature
contamination
the act of polluting
crisis
an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
deforestation
the act of cutting down trees or clearing forests
emissions
gases produced from vehicles or factories as waste products
exhaust (fumes)
gases produced from vehicles or engines as waste products
flood
a large amount of water covering an area of land that is usually dry
fossil fuel
a fuel (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) that is formed in the earth from dead plants or animals
fuel
a material (such as coal, oil, or gas) that is burned to produce heat or power
fumes
smoke or gas that smells unpleasant — usually plural
greenhouse gases
a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect e.g., carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons.
impact
a strong effect
petrol
a liquid made from petroleum and used especially as a fuel for engines
pollutant
a substance that makes land, water, air, etc., dirty and not safe or suitable to use
resources
a place or thing that provides something useful
vehicle
a machine that is used to carry people or goods from one place to another
refuse
something (such as paper or food waste) that has been thrown away
strain
something that is very difficult to deal with and that causes harm or trouble
threat
someone or something that could cause trouble, harm, etc.
waste
material that is left over or that is unwanted after something has been made, done, used, etc
achievable
possible to do
advantageous
giving an advantage
alternative
a different choice
beneficial
useful
critical
extremely important
devastating
causing great damage or harm
doubtful
not likely to be true
drastic
extreme in effect or action
eco-friendly
something that does not harm the environment
efficient
capable of producing desired results without wasting materials, time, or energy
effective
producing a result that is wanted
environmental
related to the environment
environmentally friendly
something that does not harm the environment
feasible
possible to do
futile
having no result or effect/useless
life-threatening
something that can kill a person
renewable
restored or replaced by natural processes
recyclable
can be made into something new from (something that has been used before)
solar
relating to the sun
sustainable
involving methods that do not completely use up or destroy natural resources
worthwhile
good enough or important enough
confront
to deal with (something, such as a problem or danger)
conserve
to use (something) carefully in order to prevent loss or waste
consume
to use something
contaminate
to pollute something
counter
to fight back against something
dispose of
to throw away
dump
to throw away
dwindle
to become smaller over a period of time
emit
to send (light, energy, gas etc.) out from a source
limit
to prevent (something) from being larger, longer, more, etc
outweigh
to be greater than (someone or something) in weight, value, or importance
preserve
to keep something in good condition
threaten
to be something that is likely to cause harm to (someone or something)
waste
to use (something valuable) in a way that is not necessary or effective