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FOOD AND DIET


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the immune system
Hệ miễn dịch: A diet lacking in vitamins find minerals will almost certainly weaken a person's ________.
a chemical preservative
hóa chất bảo quản: The juice contains no ________, so drink it within the next two or three days.
artificial colouring and flavouring
chất tạo màu và vị nhân tạo: Consumers today expect food to look attractive and to have a distinctive taste, so ________ is often used in the food production process.
food labelling
nhãn thức ăn: ______ should be clear in order for consumers to make informed choices about the food that they buy.
food processing
chế biến thực phẩm: The growth of the _____ industry has meant that most of the food that we eat is neither fresh nor locally produced.
shelf life
thời hạn sử dụng: Supermarket throw away a lot of food, simply because its _____ has expired and it is no longer fit for sale
a food retailer
nhà bán lẻ thực phẩm: With the expansion of supermarkets, local ____ have disappeared from many neighbourhoods.
organic food
thực phẩm hữu cơ: The production of ____ causes less damage to the environment and many people also claim that it is more nutritious.
genetically modified food
thực phẩm biến đổi gen: There is growing public concern over the environmental consequences of producing _____.
free-range products
sản phẩm chăn thả tự nhiên: Customers who buy ______, such as eggs or chickens, often do so because they oppose factory farming.
food poisoning
ngộ độc thực phẩm: In order to prevent cases of ______, local authorities must regularly inspect places in which food is prepared or sold to the public.
fast food chains
chuỗi thức ăn nhanh: Healthy eating means avoiding eating out at _____ like McDonald's or Pizza Hut
junk food
đồ ăn vặt: The consumption of too much ____ is a major factor in the increase of childhood obesity.
A lack of calories to meet his energy needs
thiếu calo để cung cấp đủ năng lượng cần thiết cho cơ thể: If a vegetarian's daily meals are not properly balanced, he or she might suffer from _____.
home-made food
đồ ăn tự làm: In developed countries, the young generation must rediscover the art of preparing _____, as part of a healthy lifestyle.
to have a snack
ăn vặt: Unless people are doing vigorous exercise, it is a bad habit to _____ between meals
to eat a balanced diet
chế độ ăn cân đối: The health benefits of ______ are obvious.
a vegetarian diet
chế độ ăn chay: If everyone in the world followed _____ there would be no hunger or starvation.
a vegan diet
chế độ ăn chay hoàn toàn: Many people active in animal rights movements worldwide follow _____, because they believe that we should not exploit animals.
to go on a diet
ăn kiêng: Many people in the West eat too much and - from time to time - have ____
to follow a recipe
theo công thức: Whether you _____ or moke something up as you go along I think cooking is a very creative pastime.
Chinese cuisine
ẩm thực trung hoa: ____ is an important part of the traditional culture of the country.
a diet rich in
chế độ ăn giàu ...: ______ fibre, such as dried fruits, helps to keep people healthy and active.
a diet low in
chế độ ăn nghèo: To prevent obesity, people should avoid overeating and eat ______ fats and sugar.
a low-calorie diet
chế độ ăn ít calo: Those who are overweight should follow a ____
to count calories
tính số calo: Slimmers who are trying to lose weight sometimes take this very seriously and ____ in everything they eat and drink each day.
to provide somebody with a healthier diet
cung cấp chế độ ăn lành mạnh hơn cho ai đó: Eating only fresh fruit and vegetables ______
to put on weight
tăng cân: Those who wish to avoid ______ should avoid fatty and sugary foods.
a slimming club
câu lạc bộ giảm cân: _____ is a good option for people who lack motivation to lose weight on their own.
low in fat and high in fiber
ít chất béo và giàu chất xơ: A healthy vegetarian diet is typically ______.