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Level 6

Unit 6 Planning


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severe
causing very great pain, extreme or very difficult
catastrophic
causing great damage
moderate
average in amount, intensity, quality, or degree
minor
lesser in importance, seriousness, or significance
insignificant
too small or unimportant to be worth consideration
assess
evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of
leak
a quantity of liquid that has spilled or been spilled
calamity
an event causing great and often sudden damage or distress
slightly
to a small degree; not considerably
flow
a steady, continuous stream of something
the avalanche
a mass of snow, ice and rocks falling rapidly down a mountainside
dam
a barrier constructed to hold back water and raise its level
collapse
to fall down or cave-in
pipe
a tube of metal, plastic, or other material used to convey water, gas, oil, or other fluid substances
contractor
a person or company that undertakes a contract to provide materials or labor to perform a service or do a job
exceed
be greater in number or size than (a quantity, number, or other measurable thing)
foundation
the lowest load-bearing part of a building, typically below ground level
scrap
a small piece or amount of something, especially one that is left over after the greater part has been used
supervision
the action of supervising someone or something
imminent
about to happen
crowbar
an iron bar with a flattened end, used as a lever
stretcher
a framework of two poles with a long piece of canvas slung between them, used for carrying sick, injured, or dead people
reinforce
strengthen or support, especially with additional personnel or material
inadequate
lacking the quality or quantity required; insufficient for a purpose
considerable
notably large in size, amount, or extent
pumping out
to remove water or other liquid from something using a pump
landslide
the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff
altitude
the height of an object or point in relation to sea level or ground level
substandard
below the usual or required standard
fracture
the cracking or breaking of a hard object or material
outcome
the way a thing turns out; a consequence
occur
(especially of accidents and other unexpected events) to happen
hazard
something that is dangerous and likely to cause damage
overhanging
hang or extend outward over
offshore
in the sea and away from the coast
sink
go down below the surface of a liquid
main riser
a long tube made of metal or plastic that is used to carry oil
oil well
a hole that is made in the ground so that oil can be taken out of it
blowout preventer
a heavy valve fitted at the top of an oil well during drilling and it's closed in case of leakage
dispersion
the action or process of distributing things over a wide area
boom
floating barrier
containment
keeping oil under control or within limits
relief well
well used to prevent and stop dangerous oil flows
tether
flexible attachment that anchors something movable to a reference point
choke pipe
a pipe that reduce the fluid pressure to atmospheric pressure
manifold
a pipe or chamber which is branching into several openings
barge
a flat-bottomed boat for carrying freight, typically on canals and rivers
methanol
a toxic, colorless, volatile flammable liquid alcohol
virtually certain
something is so nearly sure that for most purposes it can be regarded as sure
hydrate crystals
in chemistry, a substance that contains water or its constituent elements
seal in
isolate an area by preventing something from escaping by closing a container
skim
removing oil from the surface of a liquid
subsea
beneath the surface of a sea or ocean
gush
flow out in a rapid and plentiful stream, often suddenly
sway
to move slowly or rhythmically backward and forward or from side to side
damper
a device that eliminates or diminishes vibrations or oscillations
oil slick
a layer of oil floating on an expanse of water
capture vessels
oil tankers which can capture hydrocarbons or other liquid contaminations from leaking oil
ladle
a large bucket-shaped container for transferring molten metal
tilt
a sloping position or movement
initially
at first
sufficiently
as much as is needed / enough
hoist
a device for lifting heavy or cumbersome objects
neglect
the state of being uncared
shrink
to become or smaller in size
gantry crane
a crane built atop a gantry, which is a structure used to straddle an object or workspace
rack
a frame or shelf, usually with bars or hooks, that is used for hanging things on it
rod
a thin straight bar of metal
pincers
a hand tool used in many situations where a mechanical advantage is required to pinch, cut or pull an object
siphon
to move liquid from one container to another through a tube
submerged
underwater
appendix
a section or table of additional matter at the end of a book or document
mouth of the river
a place where a river ends and connects with another one or flows into a lake, a sea or an ocean
a magnitude of 7 on the Richter scale
a measure of the amount of energy released by an earthquake on the Richter scale
pier
a structure leading out from the shore into a body of water
devise
to design or invent something such as a system, plan, or piece of equipment
obstruction
something that blocks or clogs
strikingly
in a way that attracts attention by reason of being unusual
comprehensive set of notes
full set of notes
distinct
recognizably different in nature from something else of a similar type
tension
the state of being stretched tight
disclose
make (secret or new) information known
upbeat
cheerful; optimistic
do something in parallel
do something at the same time
land reclamation
restoring utility and natural values of areas damaged by human activities
contamination
pollution
powerplant
an installation where electrical power is generated for distribution
associated
connected with something