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sist


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sist
[L]=to stand站立。常用词assist,consist,insist和resist的词根是sist,它来自拉丁动词sistere,意思是to stand(站立)。
assist
[as-(ad-)=to
assistance
[assist;-ance n.]。 n.帮助;援助
assistant
[assist;-ant n./a.]。 n.助手;助理 a.辅助的;助理的
consist
[con-(com-)=together一起;sist=to stand站→“to stand or place together站在或放在一起”→]。 v. 1 be made up (of) 由......组成:Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen. 水由氢和氧组成。2 be agreeable并存,一致:Theory should consist with practice.理论应与实践相一致。
consistence
[consist;-ence n.]。 n.坚固性;浓度;密度
insist
[in-=on上;sist=to stand站→“to stand on站上,一直站着”→]。 v. declare firmly坚决主张;坚持认为:He insisted on his correctness.他坚持认为自己正确。
insistence
[insist;-ence n.]。 n.坚持;坚决主张
resist
[re-=against对抗;sist=to stand站立→“to stand against对立”→]。 v. fight against;oppose抵抗;反对:to resist an aggression反抗侵略
resistance
[resist;-ance n.]。 n.抵抗;反抗
resistible
[resist;-ible a.]。 a.抵抗得住的
exist
[ex-=out出来;(s)ist=to stand站→“to stand out or forth站出来”→“to appear出现”→]。 v.1 have an actual being实际存在:The Roman Empire existed for several centuries. 古罗马帝国历时数百年之久。2 be real
existence
[exist;-ence n.]。 n.存在;存在物;生存
persist
[per-=throughout始终;sist=to stand站→“to stand throughout 始终站着”→]。 v.1 continue firmly坚持:He persisted in the experiment and succeeded in the end.他坚持实验终获成功。2 continue to exist继续存在,持续:The bad weather will persist for several days.坏天气还会持续好几天。
persistence
[persist;-ence n.]。 n.坚持;持续
desist
[de-=away离开;sist=to stand站立→“to stand away from one's job离开工作站在一旁”→]。 v. leave off;cease撇下;停止:As soon as the teacher went away
desistence
[desist;-ence n.]。 n.停止
subsist
[sub-=under在......之下;sist =to stand站立→“to stand under some pressure 在压力之下站立着”→]。 v. 1 stand fast
subsistence
[subsist;-ence n.]。 n.生存;生活维持费