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ag;act


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ag;act
[L]=to do; to drive做,驱使。词根ag来自拉丁动词agere的词干部分,意思相当于英语的to do(做)或to drive(驱使)。act是个英语核心单词,其实它的前身act是ag的同源异形词根,来自agere的动名词形式 actum的词干部分,基本含义也是to do或to drive。下面先分析几个由ag构成的常见派生词。
agent
[ag=to do做;-ent n.=person人→“person who does 办事者”→]。 n. person who works for another person or organization 代理人:a sales agent 代售商
agential
[agent;-ial a.]。 a.代理人的;起媒介作用的
agency
[ag=to do做;-ency n.=the quality or state of 表性质或状态→“the abiliy or place of doing business 办事的能力或场所”→]。 n.1power or force which causes a result 力量;作用:human agency 人力2 the office of an agent;service organization 代理处;机构:travel agency 旅行社
agenda
[ag=to do做;-enda(-a表复数)n.=things事情→“things to be done要办的事项”→]。 n. list of things to be discussed or decided upon议事日程:the most important item on the agenda议事日程的首项
agile
[ag=to do做;-ile a.=able能......的→“able to do能干的”→]。 a. able to do or move quickly or easily 敏捷的;灵活的:as agile as a monkey像猴子般灵活
agility
[agil(e);-ity]。 n.敏捷;灵活
agitate
[ag=to drive or keep moving 驱使,使运动;-itate(-ate)v.=make or cause使......→“cause to keep moving steadily引起不断的动荡”→]。 v. disturb鼓动:The audience were agitated by his speech听众被他的演说所鼓动。
agitation
[agitat(e);-ion n.]。 n.鼓动;激动不安
agitator
[agitat(e);-or n.]。 n.鼓动者
act
[act=to do 做→“to do what is required 做要求的事”→]。 v. 1 do something行动:to act at once立刻行动 2 function起作用:The brakes wouldn't act.刹车失灵。3 take part in a play or film扮演:Who is acting Hamlet? 谁演哈姆雷特?
actor
[act;-or n.]。 n.男演员;行动者
actress
[act (o)r;-ess n.]。 n.女演员
re-act
[re-;act v.]。 v.重做,再做;重演,再演
overact
[over-;act v.]。 v.演得过于夸张
action
[act=to do做;-ion n.=the process or result表过程或结果→]。 n.1 process of doing
actionable
[action;-able a.]。 a.可控诉的
active
[act=to do做;-ive a.=able会......的→]。 a. able to do活跃的,积极的:Although he is over 70
activate
[activ(e);-ate v.]。 v.使活动
activism
[activ(e);-ism n.]。 n. [哲] 能动主义;积极,活跃
activist
[activ(e);-ist n.]。 n.活动分子,积极分子
activity
[activ(e);-ity n.]。 n.能动性;活跃;[复] 活动
actual
[act=to do做;-u-;-al a.=the act or fact 表行为或事实→]。 a. existing in fact;real实际的;现实的:the actual amount of money实际金额
actualist
[actual;-ist n.]。 n.现实主义者
actuality
[actual;-ity n.]。 n.事实,现存情况;现实性
actualize
[actual;-ize v.]。 v.实行,使现实化
actuate
[act=to do做;-u-;-ate v.=to make or cause使......→]。 v. cause to do 驱动,激励:What motives actuated her? 什么动机驱使她这样做的?
actuation
[actuat(e);-ion n.]。 n.驱动,激励;开动
exact
[ex-=out出;act=to drive驱使→“to drive out;driven out逼出来(的)”→]。 I v. demand or obtain by force 强求,索取:He exacted obedience from his students.他强要学生服从他。→II a. correct and without mistake 准确的,精确的:to be exact in conduct行为一丝不苟
exacting
[exact v.;-ing a.]。 a.苛求的,严厉的;强索的
exaction
[exact v.;-ion n. ]。 a.强索;勒索;榨取
exactitude
[exact a.;-itude n.]。 n.精确(性);严格,严谨
react
[re-=back回返;act=to do做→] 。 v.1 do or act in reply反应:She was slow to react.她反应迟钝。2 do against反动,反作用:to react against oppression 反抗压迫
reaction
[react;-ion n.]。 n.反应;反作用;反动
reactor
[react;-or n.]。 n.引起反应的人或物;[原] 反应堆
reactive
[react;-ive a.]。 a.反应的;反动的
interact
[inter-=between在......之间;act=to do做→“to do between two things在两者之间互动”→]。 v. have an effect on each other互相作用,互相影响:All things are inter-related and interacted on each other.一切事物都是互相联系又互相影响的。
interaction
[interact;-ion n.]。 n.相互作用;相互
interactant
[interact;-ant n.]。 n. [化] 反应物
interactive
[interact;-ive a.]。 a.互相作用的;[计] 交互的
transact
[trans-=across or through穿过;act=to drive驱使→“to drive through使通过”→]。 v. carry on;manage执行,办理:He transacted some businesss at bank.他在银行处理了一些事务。
transaction
[transact;-ion n.]。 n.办理,处理;交易,业务
transactor
[transact;-or n.]。 n.办事人,处理者