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Level 6

Simple Past Perfect


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simple past perfect
together with the Simple Past (When two past actions are combined – the first action, which was completed before the second one began, is put into Past Perfect.)
Simple Past
signal words
Past Perfect
no unambiguous ones
Past Perfect
had + past participle*
Simple Past
regular verbs: infinitive + ed
Simple Past
irregular verbs: 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs
Affirmative sentences Past Perfect
He had played hockey.
Affirmative sentences Simple Past
He played hockey.
Negative sentences Past Perfect
He had not played hockey.
Negative sentences Simple Past
He did not play hockey.
Questions Past Perfect
Had he played hockey?
Questions Simple Past
Did he play hockey?
simple past perfect
Signal words: already, just, never
simple past perfect
past of the present perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
all day
Present Perfect Continuous
the whole day
Present Perfect Continuous
how long
Present Perfect Continuous
since
Present Perfect Continuous
for
Present Perfect Continuous
action began in the past and has just stopped
Present Perfect Continuous
how long the action has been happening
Present Perfect Continuous
emphasis: length of time of an action
Present Perfect Continuous
have/has + been + infinitive + -ing
simple past perfect
already
simple past perfect
just
simple past perfect
never
simple past perfect
mostly when two actions in a story are related to each other: the action which had already happened is put into Past Perfect, the other action into Simple Past
simple past perfect
the past of Present Perfect
simple past perfect
had + past participle*