Hammurabi Sumerian King who created a written code of law
Old, Middle and New Kingdoms progression of the power of the Egyptian Empire
Polytheism/Monotheism Belief systems (Mono=one god) (Poly=many gods
Fertile Crescent an arc of land that lies between Mediterranean Sea and Southwest Asia
Theocracy a government run by religious leaders
Empire many different nations together under one rule
Castes social class system
Mandate of Heaven belief that royal authority is the result of divine appr
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