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Verbs


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verb
A word used to show an action, state, event or process, e.g. I like cheese; He speaks Italian.
base form
is the infinitive form of a verb without ‘to’, e.g. go.
auxiliary verb
is a verb used with other verbs to make questions, negatives, tenses, etc. e.g. be, do, have.
infinitive form
is the base form of a verb with ‘to’. It is used after another verb, after an adjective or noun or as the subject or object of a sentence, e.g. 'I want to study.’, ‘It’s difficult to understand.’
regular verb
changes its forms by adding -ed in the past simple and past participle, e.g. walk  walked.
irregular verb
does not follow the same pattern as regular verbs. Each irregular verb has its own way of forming the past simple and past participle, e.g. go  went (past simple)  gone (past participle).
modal verb
used with other verbs to show ideas such as ability or obligation or possibility. They include can, must, will, should, e.g. I can speak French, but I should study even harder.
multiword verb
is made up of a verb and one or more particles (adverbs and/or prepositions). The meaning of this kind of verb is not the same as the meaning of the individual verbs and participles that make it. This kind of verb may have more than one meaning.
phrasal verb
is a type of multiword verb which is made up of a verb + an adverb particle, e.g. look after – A mother looks after her children.
reporting verb
is a verb such as tell, advise, suggest used in reported speech to report what someone has said, e.g. Jane advised John to study harder.
Verb pattern
The form of the words following the verb.
verb phrase
The part of a sentence containing a main verb and any other verbs that qualify it.
non finite verb
A part of the verb which does not show time or person
dynamic verbs
Verbs referring to actions, events or bodily sensations and that express some kind of action.
verbs of perception
Verbs related to the senses or emotions. They follow distinctive grammatical patterns.
verb
A learner who finds it easier to learn when they can see things written down or in a picture.
Train verb
To teach someone to do a particular job or activity. For example, John trains people to sing. It also means to study or learn to do something.
a reporting verb
is a verb such as tell, advise, suggest used in reported speech to report what someone has said