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M1 - U13 Learner Characteristics


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acknowledge
To show that you have seen or understood something.
attention span
How long a learner is able to concentrate at any one time.
acquisition
To learn a language without studying it, just by hearing and/or reading and then using it.
active role
When learners think about their own learning and what their own needs are and try to help themselves learn more.
learner profile
Describes learners and information about their learning: age, ability, strengths and weaknesses in language and skills, etc.
ask for clarification
To ask for an explanation of what a speaker means, e.g. What do you mean?
back channeling
When a listener signals understanding, surprise, agreement etc. to a speaker during the conversation.
work out
Learners try to understand how and why a particular piece of language is used or how it is formed.
volunteer
A learner who offers to help the teacher in class.
visualise
To form a mental picture of something. It can help learners to remember new words or can be used for creative story-telling.
collaborate
to work together
cognitive processes
The mental processes involved in thinking, understanding and learning.
independent study
Studying without a teacher present or without the teacher monitoring and directing the learning very closely,
mature
Fully grown or developed. If a learner is mature in attitude, they behave in an adult way.
involvement
Taking part in an activity actively, being involved in it.
off task
When learners are distracted or not completing an activity in the way the teacher wants them to do it.
on task
When learners are doing an activity in the way the teacher intended that it should be done.
participate
To take part in something, e.g. a lesson or classroom activity.
express
To show or make known a feeling or an opinion in words
facial expression
A person can show how they feel through their face, e.g. smiling.
gesture
A movement with parts of the body.
interaction
‘Two-way communication’ between listener and speaker, or reader and text.
ignore
To choose not to pay attention to something such as an error made by a learner.
feedback
To tell someone how well they are doing.
peer feedback
Feedback given to a learner by another learner in the class.
auditory learner
A learner who remembers things more easily when they hear them spoken.
learner characteristics
The typical things about a learner or learners that influence their learning,
memorise
To learn something so that you can remember it later.
mingle
Learners walk round the classroom talking to other learners.