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Level 1

M1 - U1 Grammar


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affix
A group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to make a new word. It can be a suffix or a prefix
contraction
A shorter form of a group of words, which usually occurs in auxiliary verbs.
convey meaning
To express or communicate meaning.
grammatical structure
a language pattern, e.g. present perfect simple.
form
the way a grammatical structure is written or pronounced and the parts which combine to make it
part of speech
A way of categorising words according to their grammatical function and meaning, e.g. noun, verb, adjective, pronoun, adverb, preposition, conjunction.
prefix
Is a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word to make a new word.
suffix
Letter(s) added at the end of a word to make a new word, e.g. good – goodness.
feature
An interesting or important part or characteristic of it.
abstract
words to express thoughts, feelings or complex ideas, which cannot be seen or touched
concrete
Relating to real or specific ideas or concepts
abbreviation
A short form of a word or phrase.
acronym
A set of letters representing the first letters of two or more words, usually of a name or title.
active voice
In an active sentence, the subject of the verb usually does or causes the action.
analyse
To examine or think about something in detail in order to understand it or get to know it better
can do statements
Sentences that describe language learners’ language use or level of ability.
categorization
To put things into the group to which they belong.
capital letter
A letter of the form and size used at the beginning of a sentence or a name.
chunk
Any pair or group of words commonly found together or near one another.
clause
Subject and a finite verb relating to the subject and any other elements.
aspect
A way of looking at verb forms not purely in relation to time.
closed question
A question which leads to a yes/no answer or another very short response.
coherence
When ideas fit together clearly and smoothly, and so are logical and make sense.
function
The reason or purpose for communication, e.g. making a suggestion; giving advice.
complement
Words or phrases that complete the meaning of another word or a sentence
compound
Noun, verb, adjective or prepositions made up of two or more words and have one unit of meaning.
comprehension
Understanding a spoken or written text.
concept
Idea or meaning.
wh question
Start with a wh- word and expect information in reply; not just yes or no.
wh word
introduce wh- questions and indirect questions.
word bank
A list of key words required for learning subject concepts.
word class
One of the grammatical groups into which words are divided depending on their use
achievement
Something reached by effort; something done successfully.
superordinate
General word which is the name for a category/ type of thing, e.g. vehicle is for car.
verb
A word used to show an action, state, event or process, e.g. I like cheese; He speaks Italian.
noun
a person, place or thing
adjective
Describes or gives more information about a noun or pronoun.
adverb
describes or gives more information about how, when, where, or to what degree etc something is done
pronoun
A word that replaces or refers to a noun or noun phrase just mentioned.
preposition
A word used before a noun, pronoun or gerund to connect it to another word, e.g. He was in the garden.
conjunction
used to connect words, phrases, clauses or sentences
article
It can be definite (the), indefinite (a/an) or zero (-)
adverbial
A word, phrase or clause acting as an adverb.
determiner
Used to make clear which noun is referred to, or to give information about quantity
exclamation
used after a sentence to show excitement, surprise or shock
particle
A grammatical word, (an adverb or preposition).