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Punctuation and Diacritics


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Reduplication sign (similar in form to the Khmer numeral for 2). It indicates that the preceding word or phrase is to be repeated (reduplicated), a common feature in Khmer syntax.
A small vertical line written over the last consonant of a syllable, indicating shortening (and corresponding change in quality) of certain vowels.
Two short vertical lines, written above a consonant, used to convert some o-series consonants (ង ញ ម យ រ វ) to a-series. It is also used with ប bâ to convert it to a p sound.
A wavy line, written above a consonant, used to convert some a-series consonants (ស ហ ប អ) to o-series.
Also known as a "crow's foot", used in writing to indicate the rising intonation of an exclamation or interjection; often placed on particles such as /na/, /nɑː/, /nɛː/, /ʋəːj/, and on ចា៎ះ /caːh/, a word for "yes" used by females.
This superscript diacritic occurs in Sanskrit loanwords and corresponds to the Devanagari diacritic repha. It originally represented an r sound (and is romanized as r in the UN system). Now, in most cases, the consonant above which it appears, and the diacritic itself, are unpronounced. Examples: ធម៌ /tʰɔː/ ("dharma"), កាណ៌ /kaː/ (from karṇa), សួគ៌ា /suǝrkie ~ suǝkie/ ("Svarga").
Used in a few words to show that a consonant with no dependent vowel is to be pronounced with its inherent vowel, rather than as a final consonant.
Used in some Sanskrit and Pali loanwords (although alternative spellings usually exist); it is written above a consonant to indicate that the syllable contains a particular short vowel.
Written over a final consonant to indicate that it is unpronounced.
A mostly obsolete diacritic​​​​ which suppresses a consonant's inherent vowel.
A "pair of dots", a fairly recently introduced diacritic, written after a consonant to indicate that it is to be followed by a short vowel and a glottal stop.