Level 2
Level 1

Political organization of space


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country
an identifiable land area
nation
a polulation with a single culture
state
a population under a sovereign government with control over a defined territory
nation-state
a single culture under a single government
sovereign
fully independent government, has territotiry, recognized by other states or the U.N.
stateless nation
a culture group not included or allowed share in the state political process. Ex: Kurds
microstates
very small sovereign states
Multinational State
A state who's government that governs over multiple ethnic groups
Nationalism
Pride or loyalty to one's country or cultural group
territoriality
political control over space
balkanization
change from larger state to several smaller states
Shatterbelt
Unstable area between two regions with opposing political and cultural values. Predicted Cold War conflicts in geopolitically weak areas of the Inner Crescent
Heartland
productive agricultural land that states want to control(Eastern European steppe)
buffer states
sympathetic countries that create a layer of protection
Rimland
areas that bordered the heartland and want to invade (German Empire, France, Great Britain, Japan)
Organic theory
Political theory that in order to compete and thrive state must continue to gain new territory
Self determination
Process by which a country determines statehood and gains independence
Colonialism
the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically
Ethnonationalism
The desire of an ethnic group to be an independent state
Cold War
Hostility between the Soviet Union bloc and U.S. & Western Allies. Communism vs. Capitalism
Conference of Berlin
Meeting of European colonial powers that decided control over territories in Africa in 1884