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Level 40

Social and political issues: justice system


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accused
a ​person or ​people who may be ​guilty of a ​crime and who are being ​judged in a ​court of ​law (SYN defendant)
arrest
when the police take sb away to ​ask them about a ​crime that they might have ​committed
catch sb
find and hold sb
charge sb
(of the police) say officially that they believe sb has done sth illegal
court
a ​place where ​trials and other ​legal ​cases ​happen
courtroom
a ​room where a ​law ​court ​meets
defence
the lawyers who try to prove that sthe accused person has not commited the crime
defend sb
to ​protect someone or something against ​attack or ​criticism
defendant
a person or people who my be guildty (SYN accused)
evidence
facts, signs, or objects that make you believe sth is true
fine
a sum of money you have to pay if you break a law
fingerprints
the ​pattern of ​curved ​lines on the end of a ​finger or ​thumb that is different in every ​person
go to court
to take a legal actions agains sb
guilty
​responsible for ​breaking a ​law
handcuffs
two ​metal or ​plastic ​rings ​joined by a ​short ​chain that ​lock around a prisoner's ​wrists
innocent
you have done nothing wrong
investigate sth
try to find out about sth
judge
a ​person who is in ​charge of a ​trial in a ​court and ​decides how a ​person who is ​guilty of a ​crime should be ​punished
jury
a ​group of ​people who have been ​chosen to ​listen to all the ​facts in a ​trial in a ​law ​court and to ​decide if a ​person is ​guilty or not ​guilty, or if a ​claim has been ​proved
may
used to express possibility
might
used to ​express the ​possibility that something will ​happen or be done, or that something is ​true ​although not very ​likely
proof
a ​fact or ​piece of ​information that ​shows that something ​exists or is ​true
prosecute sb
to ​officially ​accuse someone of ​committing a ​crime in a ​law ​court, or (of a ​lawyer) to ​try to ​prove that a ​person ​accused of ​committing a ​crime is ​guilty of that ​crime
prosecution
the lawyers who try to prove that the accused person has commited a crime
prove sth
give evidence to show that sth is true
report sth
give information that sth has happened
sentence sb
tell sb who is guilty what they will have to do, e.g. go to prison
suspect
a person who the police think has committed a crime
take place
happen
trial
an examination of evidence in court to decide if sb has done sth illegal
victim
a person who has been robbed, injured, etc
witness
a person who sees sth happen (e.g. a crime or an accident)