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Level 13

The world: Climate


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affect
to have an influence on someone or sth
atmosphere
the gases around the earth, planets, etc
bitterly cold
extremely cold
breeze
a light wind
chilly
a little too cold to be comfortable
climate
the normal weather conditions of a particular region
disappear
stop existing (SYN vanish)
disease
illness in people, animals, or plants
drizzle
rain lightly with very small drops
drop
decrease; go lower (SYN fall)
effect
the result of a particular influence
environment
the natural world; the air, land, and water in which people, plants, and animals live
extreme
much hotter, colder, or more violent than usual
fall
decrease; go lower (SYN drop)
famine
when it's not enough food in a country
frost
the weather condition when the temperature is below 0 degree an ice forms on windows, the ground, etc
gale
strong wind
gas
a substance like air, e.g. oxygen and hydrogen
global warming
the process of global temprerature increase which causes ice on poles to melt
gradual
happening slowly over a long period of time
harmful
causing damage, injury, or illness
heatwave
a period of unusually hot weather
human
connected with people
humid
warm and damp in an unpleasant way (SYN muggy)
liquid
in a non-solid form, like water
melt
process of ice changing from a solid to a liquid due to high temperature
mild
warmer than usual for the time of year
mist
thin cloud near the ground which is difficult to see through (not as thick as fog)
muggy
warm and damp in an unpleasant way (SYN humid)
pole
either of the two ​points at the most ​northern and most ​southern ​ends of the ​earth, around which the ​earth ​turns
pollution
durty and dangerous gases, chemicals, etc. that harm the environment
pour
rain heavily
predictable
when it's possible to say how sth will change in the future
rainbow
an arch of different colors seen in the sky when rain is falling and the sun is shining
rainforest
a forest in a tropical area that receives a lot of rain
rise
increase; go higher
soaked
become extremely wet
soaking wet
extremely wet
solid
in hard form
spread
affect more and more people or things
unpredictable
is impossible to say how it will change in the future
vanish
stop existing (SYN disappear)
environmentalist
sb who studies the environment
harm sth
cause of damage to sth or sb
predict
process of saing in advance how sth will change