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The world: Rivers and the sea


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bank
slopping raised land, especially along the sides of the river
beach
an ​area of ​sand or ​small ​stones near the ​sea or another ​area of ​water such as a ​lake
boat
a small vehicle to travel on water
burst
break open suddenly and violently
canal
a ​long, ​thin ​stretch of ​water that is artificially made either for ​boats to ​travel along or for taking ​water from one ​area to another
capsize
(used of boats) turn over in the water
cargo ship
a ship used to move goods
cause sth
to make something (often unpleasant) happen
cave
a ​large ​hole in the ​side of a ​hill, ​cliff, or ​mountain, or one that is ​underground
cliff
a high ​area of ​rock with a very ​steep ​side
coast
the area of land that is close to or next to the sea or an ocean
deep
long way down
depth
distance down
drown
cause to die by being unable to breathe underwater
dry up
when water disappears from river or lake
float
to stay on the surface of a liquid and not sink
flood
to cause to fill or become covered with water
flow
move of liquids in one direction
harbour
an area of water next to the coast, often protected from the sea by thick wall, where ships and boats can shelter
high tide
the time when the sea or a river reaches it's highest level
horizon
where the ​sky ​seems to ​touch the ​land or ​sea
lake
a ​large ​area of ​water ​surrounded by ​land and not ​connected to the ​sea except by ​rivers or ​streams
low tide
the ​time when the ​sea has ​reached ​its ​lowest ​level
narrow
having a ​small ​distance from one ​side to the other
ocean
a very large area of sea
pebbles
​small ​smooth round ​stones, ​especially one ​found on a ​beach or in a ​river
pond
an ​area of ​water ​smaller than a ​lake, often artificially made
protection
to ​keep someone or something ​safe from ​injury, ​damage, or ​loss
puddle
a ​small ​pool of ​liquid on the ​ground, ​especially from ​rain
rocks
the ​dry ​solid ​part of the earth's ​surface, or any ​large ​piece of this that ​sticks up out of the ​ground or the ​sea
rough
(of the sea) with big waves
sand
very ​small ​grains of ​rock
shallow
having only a ​short ​distance from the ​top to the ​bottom
ship
a ​large ​boat for ​travelling on ​water, ​especially ​across the ​sea
shore
the ​land along the ​edge of a ​sea, ​lake, or ​wide ​river
sink
go down below the surface of water or other liquid
steep
​rising or ​falling at a ​sharp ​angle
stream
water that ​flows ​naturally along a ​fixed ​route ​formed by a ​channel ​cut into ​rock or ​ground, usually at ​ground ​level
surface
the ​outer or ​top ​part or ​layer of something
tide
the ​rise and ​fall of the ​sea that ​happens ​twice every ​day
underwater
under the surface of the water
waterfall
water, dropping from a higher to a lower point
wave
a raised line of water that moves across the surface
wide
having a large distance from one side to another
bay
a ​part of the ​coast where the ​land ​curves in so that the ​sea is ​surrounded by ​land on three ​sides