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Argument Elements


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Argument
A conclusion which is supported by reasons.
Assertion
A claim which is not supported by reasons.
Counter-Assertion
A statement which opposes the main conclusion.
Counter-Argument
An argument which opposes the main conlusion.
Assumption
A missing step or reason in an argument.
Hypothetical Reasoning
If something was to happen then a certain result would come about.
Evidence
Something that is based on information or data that supports a reason.
Example
Accounts of personal experiences used to illustrate a reason.
Opinion
A statement of belief not fully supported by evidence.
Explanation
A statement of the reason why something happens.
Intermediate Conclusion
An argument element which is supported by reasons but also supported the main conclusion.
Principles
A guide or action which can be applied in a range of circumstances beyond the immediate context of the argument.
Inference
Something we work out from the evidence or reasoning.