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Appeal to tradition
Arguing that because something has always been done in one way in the past it should continue to be done in that way.
Appeal to popularity
Arguing that something must be the case or is true because a large number of people believe it to be so.
Appeal to history
Arguing that what happened in the past is always a guide to the future. Or that what happened in the past should continue to happen.
Appeal to emotion
Arguing through tugging at peoples emotions rather than through logical argument
Appeal to authority
Trying to persuade the reader to accept an argument based on respect for authority rather than logic.
False Cause
Suggesting that event A causes event B when there may be no relationship, or that event B causes event A.
Tu Quoque (You as well)
Arguing that something potentially bad is actually alright because other options are equally bad or even worse.
Circular Argument
An argument in which one of the reasons is the same as the conclusion, or an argument which you have to assume the conclusion is right in order for the reasons to make sense.
Confusing Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
An argument where the lack or presence of a necessary condition is assumed to be sufficient to support the conclusion.
Conflation
Incorrectly treating two concepts as if they are the same thing.
Arguing from one thing to another, unrelated conclusion
When the conclusion is not supported by the reasoning or evidence given.
False Dichotomy
Reducing an argument to two (extreme) options.
Hasty Generalisation
Drawing a general conclusion from one or limited examples.
Ad Hominem (to the man)
Dismissing someone on the basis of personal characteristics rather than responding to their argument.
Straw Man
Picking on one part of an opponent's argument, exaggerating it in order to dismiss it and then claiming to have dismissed the entire argument.
Slippery Slope
Making one or more unsupported leaps in an argument to arrive at an extreme conclusion.
Post Hoc (after the thing)
Arguing on that basis that event A caused event B because event B followed event A.