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Level 21

引语与习语(中译英)


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Do not fear going slow, only fear standing still.
不怕慢,只怕站。
beat swords into ploughs
化干戈为玉帛
We widen our views 3 hundred miles by ascending one flight of stairs.
欲穷千里目,更上一层楼。
When reaching the great peak (of Mount Tai), we hold all mountains in a single glance.
会当凌绝顶,一览众山小。
Friends are as good as their words, they travel a thousand li to keep a rendezvous.
结交一言重,相期千里至。
Peaches and plums do not have to talk, the world beats a path to them.
桃李不言,下自成蹊。
The gentlemen are speedy as a worker and cautious as a speaker.
君子敏于行而讷于言。
Until all is over ambition never dies/ Never say die.
不到黄河心不死。
The strong pass of the enemy is like a wall of iron, yet with firm strides, we are conquering its summit
雄关漫道真如铁,而今迈步从头越
My way ahead is long; I see no ending; yet high and low I'll search with my will unbending.
路曼曼其修远兮,吾将上下而求索
In security, we should never forget the dangers and in times of peace, we should always beware of the potential for chaos.
安不忘危,治不忘乱
The ocean never turns away streams, so it becomes wide and deep
海不辞水,故能成其大
The mountain never turns away stones, so it becomes towering and strong.
山不辞土石,故能成其高
Help one another, for we are all in the same boat.
同舟共济
Like Weather, one's fortune may change by the evening.
天有不测风云,人有旦夕祸福
Running a large country is like cooking a small fish.
治大国如烹小鲜
To worry before the common people worries; to enjoy only after the people can enjoy.
先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐
On such a nice spring day, my heart was so heavy with sadness. So I went out sightseeing in the mountain, however, my mind always went back to this day last year when 4 million people on Taiwan cried the same tears of sorrow as Taiwan was ceded
春愁难遣强看山,往事惊心泪欲潸。四百万人同一哭,去年今日割台湾。
Only when the blood of the native son flows back to his native place will it stop boiling.
原乡人的血,必须流返原乡,才会停止沸腾
What you do not wish upon yourself, extend not to others.
已所不欲,勿施于人
People with virtue must speak out; People who speak are not all virtuous.
有德者,必有言,有言者,不必有德。
Never hesitate to ask a lesser person.
不耻下问
What you know, you know, what you don't know, you don't know. This is knowledge.
知之为知之,不知为不知,是知也1
True knowledge is when one knows the limitations of one's knowledge.
知之为知之,不知为不知,是知也2
He who depends on himself will attain the greatest happiness
自求多福/天助自助者
Justice for all in the World
天下为公
Self Contradiction
自相矛盾
When friends gather round from afar do we not rejoice?
有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎。
Whom lack of fame cannot vex is not he a gentleman?
人不知而不愠,不亦君子乎。
With strength to lift mountains and spirit to take on the world
力拔山兮气盖世
Make my home everywhere within the four seas; The world is my home; The world is my oyster
四海为家
Life is finite, while knowledge is infinite.
吾生也有涯,而知也无涯
Since the dawn of time every one will die, let the history books note my death with loyalty at heart.
人生自古谁无死,留取丹心照汗青。
All men are brothers
四海之内皆兄弟也
Rise and fall of a nation rests with every one of its citizens
国家兴亡,匹夫有责
Old horse knows the way
老马识途
Like burying one's head in the sand (self-deceit)
掩耳盗铃
Black cat or white cat: If it can catch mice, it's a good cat
不管黑猫还是白猫,能抓到老鼠就是好猫。
Without going outside, you may know the whole world
不出户,知天下。
Every child born has innate goodness.
人之初,性本善
Love at first sight
一见钟情
Mencius' mother moves her home three times to better her son's education
孟母三迁
Give me liberty, or give me death!
不自由,勿宁死。
Seeing it once is better than being told 100 times; A picture is worth ten thousand words
百闻不如一见
Isn't it a pleasure to study and practice what you have learned?
学而时习之, 不亦说乎。
Someone who is a clever speaker and maintains a 'too-smiley' face is seldom considered a humane person.
巧言令色, 鲜矣仁。
The 300 verses of the Book of Odes can be summed up in a single phrase: 'Don't think in an evil way'.
诗三百, 一言以蔽之, 曰: 「思无邪」。
Govern with the power of virtue
为政以德
At fifteen my heart was set on learning
吾十有五而志于学
at thirty I stood firm
三十而立
at forty I had no more doubts
四十而不惑
at fifty I knew the mandate of heaven
五十而知天命
at sixty my ear was obedient
六十而耳顺
at seventy I could follow my heart's desire without transgressing the norm
七十而从心所欲, 不踰矩。
Reviewing what you have learned and learning anew, you are fit to be a teacher.
温故而知新, 可以为师矣。
A good scholar can become an official.
学而优则仕
To study and not think is a waste. To think and not study is dangerous.
学而不思则罔, 思而不学则殆。
Don't bother explaining that which has already been done
成事不说
don't bother criticizing that which is already gone
遂事不谏
don't bother blaming that which is already past
既往不咎
Confucius said: "If I can hear the Tao in the morning, in the evening I can die content."
子曰:「朝闻道, 夕死可矣 」
When you see a good person, think of becoming like her/him.
见贤思齐焉
When you see someone not so good, reflect on your own weak points.
见不贤而内自省也
Confucius said: "If you are virtuous, you will not be lonely. You will always have friends."
子曰:「德不孤, 必有邻。」
When three men are walking together, there is one who can be my teacher.
三人行, 必有我师焉
I pick out people's good and follow it. When I see their bad points, I correct them in myself.
择其善者而从之, 其不善者而改之。
People are similar by nature, but through habituation become quite different from each other.
性相近也, 习相远也。
A clear conscience laughs at false accusations.
白日不做亏心事,夜半敲门心不惊
Clumsy birds have to start flying early
笨鸟先飞
Worse off than some, better off than many
比上不足,比下有余
A close mouth catches no flies
病从口入,祸从口出
No discord, no concord.
不打不成交
Blood is thicker than water.
血浓于水
He who has never been to the great wall is not a true man.
不到长城非好汉
Be there or be square.
不见不散
Stay out of trouble; let sleeping dogs lie.
不惹是非
Nothing venture, nothing have (gain)
不入虎穴,焉得虎子
Not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personal losses
不以物喜,不以己悲
The cart will find its way round the hill when it gets there.
车到山前必有路
Strike while the iron is hot
趁热打铁
Man proposes, god disposes
成事在天,谋事在人
Take advantage of somebody's precarious position
乘人之危
A man of great wisdom often seems slowwitted
大智若愚
A just cause enjoys abundant support while an unjust cause finds little
得道多助,失道寡助
Constant dripping wears away the stone
滴水穿石
Business is business
公事公办
Every man has a share of responsibilities for the fate of his country
国家兴亡,匹夫有责
A bosom friend afar brings a distant land near
海内存知己,天涯若比邻
A creaking door hangs long on its hinges.
户枢不蠹
Providence does not let down a man who does his best
皇天不负苦心人
Sturdy grass withstands high winds; true gold stand the test of fire
疾风知劲草,烈火见真金
Health is better than wealth
健康胜于财富
He that touches pitch shall be defiled
近墨者黑
Experience is the mother of wisdom
经验是智慧之母
Complete sincerity can affect even metal and stone
精诚所至,金石为开
The friendship of a gentleman is insipid as water
君子之交淡如水
Reading is always profitable
开卷有益
A bad padlock invites a picklock.
开门揖盗
Fit the appetite to the dishes and the dress to the figure
看菜吃饭,量体裁
The sea of bitterness has no bounds, repeat and the shore is at hand
苦海无边,回头是岸
Easy come easy go
来得容易去得快
Extreme joy begets sorry
乐极成悲
History repeats itself
历史总在重演
as long as the green hills last, there'll always be wood to burn
留得青山在,不怕没柴烧
A bit in the morning is better than nothing all day.
略有胜于全无
Haughtiness invites disaster, humility receives benefit
满招损,谦受益
Every man has the defects of his own virtue
每一个人都有美中不足的地方(人无完人)
A great teacher produces a brilliant student
名师出高徒
Lessons learned from the past can guide one in the future
前事不忘,后事之师
Superb workmanship
巧夺天工
The cleverest housewife cannot cook a meal without rice
巧妇难为无米之炊
Everything has its time and that time must be watched
切莫错过良机
Beauty lies in lover's eyes
情人眼里出西施
There is no royal road to learning
求学无坦途
A bad workman quarrels with his tools.
人笨怨刀钝
Everyman to his taste
人各有所好
If you do not wish anyone to know what you have done, it is better not to have done it in the first place
若要人不知,除非己莫为
He who gives no thought to the future is sure to be beset by worries at hand
人无远虑,必有近忧
Look before you leap
三思而后行
Good will be rewarded with good, and evil with evil
善有善报,恶有恶报
A clean hand wants no washing.
身正不怕影子斜
Actions speak louder than words
事实胜于雄
Public opinion is the best judge
是非自有公论
Practice makes perfect
熟能生巧
Fire and flood has no mercy
水火无情
Justice has long arms
天网恢恢,疏而不漏
There is always a way out
天无绝人之路
A common danger causes common action.
同仇敌忾
A clear conscience is a soft pillow.
问心无愧,高枕无忧
One never goes to the temple for no reason
无事不登三宝殿
Custom is a second nature
习惯成自然
Hearts which beat in unison are linked
心有灵犀一点通
The eye is bigger than the belly
心有余而力不足(贪多嚼不烂)
Every profession produces its own leading authority
行行出状元
Live and learn
学无止境
A cock is valiant on his own dunghill.
夜郎自大
In for a penny, in for a pound
一不做,二不休
A burnt child dreads the fire
一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳
A moment's error can bring a lifelong regret
一失足成千古恨
Deal with a man as he deals with you
以其人之道,还治其人之身1
An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth
以眼还眼,以牙还牙
More haste, less speed; haste make waste
欲速则不达(忙中有错)
Know the enemy and know yourself, and you'll fight a hundred battles without defeat.
知己知彼,百战不殆
A contented mind is perpetual feast.
知足常乐
If you work hard enough, you can grind an iron rod into a needle
只要功夫深,铁棒磨成针
Confront a person with the danger of death and he will fight to live
置之死地而后生
A blind man who leans against a wall imagines that it's the boundary of the world.
坐井观天
A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
双鸟在林不如一鸟在手。
A bird is known by its note, and a man by his talk.
闻其歌知其鸟,听其言知其人。
A candle lights others and consumes itself.
蜡烛焚自身,光亮照别人。
A clear conscience is a sure card.
光明磊落,胜券在握。
A disease known is half cured.
病情确诊断,治病好一半。
A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit.
吃一堑,长一智。
A father is a treasure, a brother is a comfort, but a friend is both.
父亲是财富,兄弟是安慰,朋友兼而有之。
A fool and his money are soon parted.
笨蛋难聚财。
A fool's bolt may sometimes hit the mark.
愚者千虑,必有一得。
A friend in need is a friend indeed.
患难朋友才是真朋友。
A good beginning is half the battle.
首战告捷等于一半胜利。
A good beginning makes a good ending.
善始者必善其终。
A good example is the best sermon.
身教胜似言教。
A journey of a thousand li begins with a single step.
千里之行,始于足下。
A leopard cannot change his spots.
本性难移。
Better late than nothing.
聊胜于无。
A little spark kindles a great fire.
星星之火,可以燎原。
A little wind kindles, much puts out the fire.
适可而止,过犹不及。
A man is known by the company he keeps.
察其友知其人。
A man may dig his grave with his teeth.
祸从口出
A miss is as good as a mile.
失之毫厘,差之千里。
A near friend is better than a far-dwelling kinsman.
远亲不如近邻。
A new broom sweeps clean.
新官上任三把火。
A rolling stone gathers no moss.
滚石不生苔,转业不聚财。
A single spark can start a prairie fire.
星星之火,可以燎原。
A stitch in time saves nine.
及时处理 / 亡羊补牢, 为时不晚
A wise man will make tools of what comes to hand.
聪明的人能随机应变。
Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
小别胜新婚 / 离别情更深 / 眼不見,心更念。
Adversity is a good discipline.
苦难是磨练人的好机会。
Adversity leads to prosperity.
逆境迎向昌盛。
After a storm comes a calm.
否极泰来。
After death, the doctor.
放马后炮。
All is not gold that glitters.
闪光的东西并不都是黄金。
All roads lead to Rome.
条条道路通罗马。
All shall be well, Jack shall have Jill.
有情人终成眷属。
All things are difficult before they are easy.
万事开头难。
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy; all play and no work makes Jack a mere boy.
只工作,不玩耍,聪明孩子要变傻;尽玩耍,不学习,聪明孩子没出息。
Ambition never dies until there is no way out / until all is over.
不到黄河心不死。
Among the blind the one-eyed man is king.
山中无老虎,猴子称霸王。
An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening.
一日之计在于晨。
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
预防胜于治疗。
As a man sows, so he shall reap.
种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。
Birds of a feather gather together.
物以类聚,人以群分。
Beauty lies in lover's eye.
情人眼里出西施。
Brevity is the soul of wit.
简洁是智慧的灵魂。
Don't bite off than you can chew.
贪多嚼不烂。
Don't count your chicken before they are hatched.
八字还没一撇 /不要过早乐观。
Don't cry over spilled milk.
覆水难收。
Don't' judge a book by its cover.
不要以貌取人。
Don't put all your eggs in one basket.
不要在一棵树上吊死。
Give sb. A taste (dose) of one's own medicine.
以其人之道 还治其人之身2
Early sow, early grow.
早耕作, 早收获。
He is lifeless that is faultless.
是人都会犯错。
History repeats itself.
历史总在重演。
It takes two to tango.
一个巴掌拍不响。
Jack of all trades and master of none.
三脚猫无所长。
Lazy youth, lousy age.
少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。
Let bygones be bygones.
既往不咎。
Might makes right.
胜者为王。
Necessity if the Mother of invention.
需求是发明之母。
No pains, no gains.
不劳无获。
Nothing ventured, nothing gain.
不入虎穴,焉得虎子。
One swallow does not a summer make.
一燕不成夏。
Put the carriage before the horse.
本末倒置。
Rome wasn't built in a day.
冰冻三尺,非一日之寒。
Save the best for the last.
最好的留在最后。
Strike while the iron is hot.
趁热打铁
Take not a musket to kill a butterfly.
小题大做.
The optimist sees an opportunity in every calamity; the pessimist sees a calamity in every opportunity.
乐观的人在灾难中看到希望;悲观的人在希望中看到灾难。
The road to hell is paved with good intentions.
事与愿违。
To err is human, to forgive is divine.
犯错是人性的, 宽恕是神性的。
Two heads are better than one.
三个臭皮匠,赛过一个诸葛亮。
Well begun is half done.
良好的开端等于成功了一半.
When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
入乡随俗。
You are never too old to learn.
活倒老,学到老 / 学无止境。
You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink.
师傅领进门,修行靠个人。
You can't have your cake and eat it too.
鱼和熊掌不可兼得。