Level 11 Level 13
Level 12

艺术、文化、娱乐(中译英)


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the four great inventions of ancient China
四大发明
gunpowder
火药
printing
印刷术
paper-making
造纸术
the compass
指南针
Ancient Chinese Philosophers
中国古代哲学家
Mencius
孟子
Lao Tzu
老子
Chuang Tzu
庄子
Mo Tzu
墨子
Sun Tzu
孙子
Tao ("the way" the principle of the workings of the universe)
humaneness (also mean: humanity, benevolence, goodness, virtue)
The Four Books
四书
The Great Learning
《大学》
The Doctrine of the Mean
《中庸》
The Analects of Confucius
《论语》
The Mencius
《孟子》
five major styles of calligraphy
书法五大书体
seal script/ seal character
篆书
official script/ clerical script
隶书
running script/ semi-cursive script
行书
cursive script
草书
regular script/ standard script
楷书
traditional Chinese painting
中国画
Chinese brush painting; ink and wash painting
水墨画(cbp)
traditional Chinese realistic painting
工笔
six classical arts
六艺
rites
music
archery
riding
writing
arithmetic
The Art of War
孙子兵法
Chinese character
汉字
stroke
(汉字)笔画
radical
偏旁部首
writing system
书写体系
Sino-Tibetan
汉藏语系
Sinologist/ Sinologue
汉学家
Sinomania
中国热
of the same origin
同宗同源
the Chinese ancestors
华夏祖先
single syllable
单音节
Chinese language is "soberly logical"
汉语有 "合理的逻辑性"
the four tones of Chinese characters
汉语四声调
level tone
阳平
rising tone
阴平
falling-rising tone
上声
falling tone
去声
martial art
武术
Kung fu
中国武术
styles (schools) of martial art
武术门派
practice martial art for fitness
习武健身
ancient form of combat
古代格斗术
Chinese Martial Art Association
中国武术协会
top martial artist
武林高手
Qigong, deep breathing exercises
气功
judo
柔道
Karate
空手道
tae kwon do
跆拳道
boxing
拳击
wrestling
摔跤
fencing
击剑
walk the earth (with a sword)
仗剑走天涯
tales of roving knights; kung fu novels
武侠小说
Chinese literature
中国文学
Three Kingdoms
《三国演义》
Journey to the West; Pilgrimage to the West
《西游记》
Dream of the Red Mansions
《红楼梦》
the Classic of Mountains and Rivers
《山海经》
History as a Mirror; Comprehensive History Retold as a Mirror for Rulers
《资治通鉴》
the Romance of West Chamber
《西厢记》
Heroes of the Marshes; Tales of the Water Margin
《水浒传》
Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio; Strange Tales from Make-Do Studio
《聊斋志异》
Fortress Besieged
《围城》
the True Story of Ah Q
《阿Q正传》
the Spring and Autumn Annals
《春秋》
Historical Records
《史记》
the Book of Songs; the Book of Odes
《诗经》
the Book of History
《书经》
the Book of Rites
礼记
the Book of Filial Piety
孝经
three-character scripture; three-word chant
三字经
eight-part essay; stereotyped writing
八股文
five-character quatrain
五言绝句
seven-character octave
七言律诗
Chinese architecture
中国建筑
quadrangle, the traditional Chinese single-story houses with rows of rooms around the four sides of a courtyard
四合院
(Mongolian) yurt
蒙古包
beacon tower
烽火台
ornamental column
华表
major cultural heritage
重要文化遗产
outstanding folk arts
优秀民间艺术
Chinese knot
中国结
Cheongsam
旗袍
Chinese tunic suit
中山装
traditional Chinese garments (clothing), Tang suit
唐装
cloisonné
景泰蓝
royal court envoy
朝廷使者
culture industry
文化产业
cultural deposit
文化底蕴
cultural undertaking
文化事业
cross-cultural communication
文化交流(ccc)
culture shock
文化冲突
national culture
民族文化
folk culture
民间文化
urban culture
城镇文化
rural culture
乡村文化
native culture
当地文化
performing art
表演艺术
popular art, pop art
现代流行艺术
high art
纯艺术
refined art
高雅艺术
cinematographic art
电影艺术
theatrical art
戏剧艺术
male (the positive male role)
生 (男性正面角色)
female (the positive female role)
旦 (女性正面角色)
a supporting male role with striking character
净 (性格鲜明的男性配角)
a clown (a negative role)
丑 (幽默滑稽或反面角色)
painted role
花脸
monodrama; one-man show
独角戏
shtick
滑稽场面, 搞笑小噱头
skit
滑稽短剧
amateur performer of Beijing Opera/ Peking Opera fan
京剧票友
Peking Opera Mask
京剧人物脸谱
ventriloquism
口技
puppet show
木偶戏
voice over
旁白
shadow play; leather-silhouette show
皮影戏
story-telling
说书
make a human pyramid
叠罗汉
opera highlights
折子戏
stilt walk
踩高跷
pantomime; mime
哑剧
pantomimist
哑剧演员
circus show
马戏
monologue comic talk, standup comedy
单口相声
stunt
特技表演
witty dialogue comedy, comic cross talk
相声
acrobatics
杂技
the traditional story-telling in Beijing dialect with drum accompaniment
京韵大鼓
shaanxi opera
秦腔
sealcutting
篆刻
characters cut in intaglio
阴文
characters cut in relief
阳文
seal
图章
graver
刻刀
making rubbings from stone inscriptions
拓碑
rubbing
拓片
workmanship/ craftsmanship
工艺, 手艺
handicraft
手工艺品
wood carving
木雕
boxwood craft
黄杨木雕
carved lacquerware
雕漆
stone carving
石雕
miniature engraving
微雕
ivory carving
象牙雕
bamboo engraving
竹雕
shell carving
贝雕
ice sculpture
冰雕
painted sculpture
彩塑
enamel
瓷釉
embroidery
刺绣
scroll
卷轴
batik
蜡染
clay figure
泥人
lacquer painting
漆画
lacquer ware
漆器
celadon
青瓷色
two-sided embroidery
双面绣
Landscape/ ink painting
水墨画(l)
Suzhou embroidery
苏绣
sandalwood fan
檀香扇
trio-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty
唐三彩
pottery
陶器
Ceramics
制陶业
the four stationery treasures of the Chinese study (a writing brush, an ink stick, an ink stone and paper)
文房四宝
inkslab engraving
砚刻
Yixing pottery
宜兴陶
Folding fan
折扇
Wickerwork
枝编工艺
Tapestry
织锦, 挂毯
papier mache
纸工艺品
folklores
民间传说
fable
寓言
legend
传说
mythology
神话
God of Heaven
玉皇大帝
the Eight Immortals
八仙
Chang'e, the Chinese moon goddess
嫦娥
Fu Xi, God of Fishery and Husbandry
伏羲
god of fortune, god of prosperity, and god of longevity
福禄寿三星
god of fortune
财神
god of the kitchen
灶神
Gonggong, God of Water
共工
Houyi (a legendary hero who shot down nine suns)
后羿
Yellow Emperor
黄帝
Kuafu (a fabled sun-chasing giant)
夸父
Nuwa, a goddess who patches up the sky
女娲
Pan Gu, creator of the universe
盘古
Patron of Agriculture
神农
Yu, the reputed founder of the Xia Dynasty
Zhurong, God of Fire
祝融
make the past serve the present and the foreign serve China
古为今用,洋为中用
inscribe a poem
赋诗
matching an antithetical couplet
对对联
Solar calendar
阳历
Gregorian calendar
公历
Lunar calendar
阴历
heavenly stem
天干
earthly branch
地支
leap year
闰年
the twenty-four solar terms
二十四节气
zodiac
十二生肖
rat
ox
tiger
hare
dragon
snake
horse
sheep
monkey
rooster
dog
pig
year of monkey
猴年
one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches
本命年
traditional holidays
传统节日
Spring Festival
春节
pay a New Year visit
拜年
firecracker
爆竹, 鞭炮
Eve of Chinese New Year
除夕
Spring couplets
春联
ring out the old year and ring in the new
辞旧迎新
Jiaozi, boiled dumpling
饺子
pot sticker
锅贴
temple fair
庙会
ring out the old year
鸣钟辞旧岁
(traditional) New Year pictures
年画
the Eve Feast; family reunion dinner on Lunar New Year's Eve
年夜饭
year-end household cleaning
年终大扫除
stay up late on the New Year's Eve
守岁
family reunion dinner
团圆饭
New Year gift-money, money given to children as a New Year gift
压岁钱
dragon dance
舞龙
Lantern Festival (15th day of the first lunar month)
元宵节
sweet sticky rice dumplings
元宵
festival lantern
花灯
lantern riddle
灯谜
lion dance
狮子舞
Pure Brightness Festival/ Tomb-sweeping Day (April the 5th)
清明节
sweep tomb sites of loved ones
扫墓
offer sacrifices to the ancestors
祭祖
go for an outing in spring
踏青
Dragon Boat Festival (5th of the fifth lunar month)
端午节
dragon boat race
赛龙舟
zongzi (pyramid-shaped dumpling made by glutinous rice wrapped in reed or bamboo leaves)
粽子
departed soul
亡灵
loyal minister
忠臣
Quyuan the poet
诗人屈原
Moon Festival/ Mid-Autumn Day (15th of the eight lunar month)
中秋节
mooncake
月饼
appreciate the glorious full moon
赏月
reunion
团圆
sweet osmanthus
桂花
Double Ninth Day/ the Aged Day
重阳节
admire the beauty of chrysanthemum
赏菊
climb mountain
登高
TCM (traditional Chinese medicine)
中药
First Emperor, Emperor Chin
秦始皇帝
Empress Dowager
皇太后
founder of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD)
汉高祖刘邦
Genghis Khan, Temujin
成吉思汗
gifted scholars and beautiful ladies
才子佳人
cradle of civilization
文明摇篮
Xia Dynasty
夏朝
(of) Ming and Qing dynasties
明清两代
Chinese civilization
中华文明
Sichuan, Szechwan, Szechuan
四川
Shaanxi
陝西
Research Center for Ancient Civilizations
古文明研究中心
Chinese and overseas scholars
中外学者
anthropologist
人类学家
historian
历史学家
geographer
地理学家
2008 summer Olympics
2008夏季奥运会
host the 2008 Olympic Games
主办2008年奥运会
Olympic torch
奥运会火炬
Olympic village
奥运村
Olympian
奥运选手
the core spirit of the Olympic games
奥运会核心精神
Citius, Altius, Fortius
更快、更高、更强
host country
东道国
host city
主办城市
Olympic Winter Games
冬奥会
IOC (International Olympic Committee)
国际奥委会
anthem
会歌
emblem
会徽
bid
申办
win the bidding
申办成功
cricket
板球
open/ open tournament
公开赛
championships
锦标赛
State Physical Culture Administration
国家体育总局
bodybuilding
健美运动
weight lifting
举重
coach/ trainer
教练
equitation
马术
ball games
球类运动
horse race
赛马
shooting
射击
archery
射箭
indoor sports
室内运动
outdoor sports
室外运动
sportsmanship
体育道德、 运动家精神
track and field
田径
high jump
跳高
long jump
跳远
marathon
马拉松
professional athlete
职业选手
cycling
自行车赛
hurdle race
跨栏
gymnastics
体操
relay race
接力赛
hockey
冰球
recreation/ entertainment
娱乐
Berne Convention
《伯尔尼公约》(有关保护文学和艺术作品版权的公约)
bikini
比基尼
sado
茶道
pet clinic
宠物医院
media
传媒
briefing
吹风会
open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener
大开眼界
mass media (of communications)
大众传媒
zealot; enthusiastic fan
发烧友
paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural)
狗仔队
punch line
广告妙语
home theater
家庭影院
box office
票房
Water-Sprinkling Festival
泼水节
people's cultural life
群众精神文化生活
body painting
人体彩绘
Disneyland
迪斯尼乐园
Mickey mouse
米老鼠
Donald Duck
唐老鸭
stunt man
特技演员
stand-in; double
替身演员
beauty contest, beauty pageant
选美
variety show
综艺节目
major styles of cooking/ cuisine
各大菜系
candied preserved fruit, sweetened preserved plums
蜜饯
sweet bean paste
豆沙
egg yolk
蛋黄
marinated egg yolk
咸蛋黄
seafood
海鲜
scallop
扇贝
scallion
大葱
green onion
minced meat
肉糜
minced fillet
鱼糜
minced shrimp
虾糜
carp
鲤鱼
black carp
青鱼
grass carp
草鱼
crucian carp
欧洲鲫鱼
golden carp
鲫鱼
bass
鲈鱼
Chinese perch
桂鱼
garoupa
石斑鱼
salmon
三文鱼/大麻哈鱼
tuna
金枪鱼
cod
鳕鱼
rice cake; year cake
年糕
walnut
胡桃、核桃
meal ticket
饭票, 餐券
thin slices of mutton for boiling in a hot pot
涮羊肉
sesame
芝麻
deep-fried dough sticks
油条
soy sauce
酱油
mung beans
绿豆
deep-fried dough cake
油饼
soup
dish
soybean milk
豆浆
rice served with meat and veggies on top
盖交饭
cilantro (Chinese parsley cilantro/ coriander)
香菜
glass noodles; vermicelli made from bean starch, etc.
粉丝
steamed buns
馒头
steamed twisted rolls
花卷
steamed stuffed buns
包子
steamed bun with meat filling
肉包子
meat filling
肉馅
steamed bun filled with bean paste
豆沙包
bean-paste filling
豆沙馅
spring roll (a thin sheet of dough, stuffed, rolled and fried)
春卷
making Chinese dumplings
包饺子
kneading board
案板
rolling pin
擀面杖
stuffing; filling
dough
面团儿
dumpling wrappers
饺子皮
wonton wrappers
馄饨皮
wire strainer
网筛
bamboo (food) steamer
蒸笼
shaomai (a steamed dumpling with the dough gathered at the top)
烧卖
scallion pancake
葱饼
pancake spreader
推棍儿
sweet sauce made of fermented flour
甜面酱
Beijing roast duck
北京烤鸭
noodles
面条
hand-stretched noodles; ramen
拉面
instant noodles
方便面
fine dried noodles
挂面
fried noodles
炒面
cold noodles in sauce
凉面
wonton (dumplings in soup)
馄饨
shaved noodles
刀削面
rice flour
米粉
wheat flour
面粉
toast
烤面包
jam
果酱
sandwich
三明治
hot dog
热狗
hamburger
汉堡包
doughnut
糖纳滋,甜甜圈
bagel
百吉饼、面包圈
sorghum candy
高粱饴
liqueur-filled candy
酒心糖
chewing gum
口香糖
bubble gum
泡泡糖
haw flakes
山楂片
chestnuts roast (in sand) with brown sugar
糖炒栗子
popcorn
爆米花
sponge cake
松糕
mung bean porridge
绿豆粥
red bean porridge
红豆粥
almond bean curd
杏核豆腐
tofu (bean curd)
豆腐
fried dough twist
麻花
egg crisp cake
萨其马
squid
鱿鱼
bamboo shoot
air-dried bamboo shoot
笋干
dried mushroom
香菇
straw mushroom
草菇
hedgehog mushroom
猴菇
tremella
白木耳
Chinese caterpillar fungus
冬虫夏草
kelp
海带
seaweed
紫菜
bird's nest
燕窝
jellyfish
海蜇
sea cucumber
海参
abalone
鲍鱼
shark's fin
鱼翅
bear's paw
熊掌
bean curd puff
豆腐泡
fermented bean curd
腐乳
cutting technique
刀工
dice
切丁
slice
切条
shred
切丝
chop
剁、剁碎
mince
切碎(成泥)
cube
方块
chunk
lotus root
莲藕
lotus seeds
莲子
leek
青蒜,韭葱
Chinese chives/ leek
韭菜
oyster mushroom
平菇
bitter gourd
苦瓜
string bean, snap bean, green bean
四季豆、菜豆
snow pea
豌豆荚、雪豆荚
bean sprout
豆芽
mung bean sprouts
绿豆芽
soybean sprouts
黄豆芽
Chinese dates
枣子
haw
山楂
pomegranate
石榴
kiwi fruit
弥猴桃、奇异果
lychee
荔枝
longan
龙眼
tangerine
橘子
grapefruit
西柚、葡萄柚
Buddha's-hand; fingered citron
佛手瓜
papaya
木瓜
walnut meat
核桃仁
pine nut kernels
松子,松仁
melon seeds
西瓜子
cashew nut
腰果
hazelnut
榛果, 榛子
grape
葡萄
grain; cereal
rice
long rice
长米,较硬,煮前先泡一个小时
Pudding rice; short rice
短米,较软
Brown rice
糙米
THAI Fragrant rice
泰国香米
Glutinous rice
糯米
strong flour
强力面粉
plain flour
中筋面粉,不含发酵粉的面粉
self-raising flour
自发粉
whole meal flour
小麦面粉
brown sugar
砂糖
dark brown sugar
红糖(感冒时煮姜汤时用)
icing sugar
糖粉
rock sugar
冰糖
vinegar
cornstarch
玉米淀粉、太白粉
maltose
麦芽糖
sesame oil
麻油
oyster sauce
蚝油
pepper
胡椒
white pepper
白胡椒
black pepper
黑胡椒
red chilli powder
辣椒粉
sesame paste
芝麻酱
msg (monosodium glutamate)
味精
black bean sauce
豆豉
red kidney bean
大红豆
dried black mushroom
冬菇
pickled mustard-green
酸菜
anise
八角、茴香
water chestnuts
荸荠、马蹄
dried shrimps
虾米
prawn
明虾
gourmet festival
美食节
Chinese cuisine; Chinese culinary art
中餐烹饪
color, aroma, taste and appearance
色香味形
four major Chinese cuisines
四大菜系
Shandong cuisine
山东菜
Sichuan cuisine
川菜
Canton cuisine
粤菜
Yangzhou cuisine
扬州菜
the light southern cuisine and the salty northern cuisine
南淡北咸
the sweet eastern cuisine and the spicy western cuisine
东甜西辣
eight-treasure rice pudding
八宝饭
grind
绞碎
high heat
大、旺、武火
medium heat
中火
low heat
小、微、文火
pan-fry
stir-fry; sauté
quick-fry
deep-fry
stew
smoke
simmer, stew
煨, 炖
boil
bake
bake; roast, grill
grill; BBQ
架烤
steam
braise (with soy sauce)
红烧
dip-boil (mutton slices)
涮 (羊肉)
atheism
无神论
creationism
创世论
Darwinism
进化论
determinism
宿命论
dialectic
辩证的
enlightenment
启蒙运动
Jehovah
耶和华
goddess
女神
illuminati
先知
positivism
实证主义
Socratic method
苏格拉底问答法
Buddhism
佛教
depositary of Buddhist sutra
藏经楼
a cave for preserving Buddhist sutra
藏经洞
Dhyana/ Zen
Zen
禅宗
Zen master
禅宗大师
Tripitaka
大藏经
Great Vehicle (from north)
大乘佛教
Lesser Vehicle (from south)
小乘佛教
the Great Buddha's Hall
大雄宝殿
Jokhang Temple
大昭寺
god of earth
地藏
shrine
佛龛
Buddhist temple
佛寺
statue of Buddha
佛像
Buddha's relic
舍利子
worldly possession
身外之物
The Eighteen Disciples of the Buddha
十八罗汉
Arhat Hall
罗汉堂
Sakyamuni
释迦牟尼
Four Heavenly Guardians; Four Devarajas
四大金刚
nirvana
涅槃(佛)
Karma
因果报应
Confucianism
儒教
Taoism
道教
Tibetology
藏学
Lama
喇嘛
Lamaism
喇嘛教
Lamasery
喇嘛庙
reincarnation
转世
reincarnated soul boy
转世灵童
infidel
异教徒
religious contradictions
宗教矛盾
(religious) ritual
宗教仪式
cult
邪教
evil cult gangs
邪教组织
metaphysics
形而上学
sage-king
圣君
Christian
基督教
Protestant
基督教新教
Scientology
基督科学会
Catholic
天主教
Jehovah's Witness
耶和华见证会
Jesus Christ
耶稣基督
baptism
洗礼
Mormon (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
摩门教
Islam
伊斯兰教
hard-line Islamist
强硬派伊斯兰教徒
the Koran
古兰经
Mosque
清真寺
vegetarian restaurant
素菜馆
Confucius
孔子
Ramadan/ month of fast
斋月 (伊斯兰教 )
church
教堂
temple
寺庙
cathedral
大教堂
chapel
小礼拜堂
abbey
修道院
nunnery
尼姑庵