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Adjectives


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nouns, pronouns
Adjectives are words that describe ______ and _______.
what kind?
(Red) nose, (gold) ring. (...?)
how much?
(More) sugar, (little) effort.
which one?
(Second) chance, (those) chocolates. (...?)
how many?
(Several) chances, (six) books. (...?)
common, proper, compound, articles, indefinite.
There are five kinds of adjectives. ________, _______, ________, _________, and _________.
nouns, pronouns
Common adjectives describe _______ or ________.
proper nouns
Proper adjectives are formed from ________ ______.
more than one word
Compound adjectives are made up of ____ _____ _____ _____.
a, an, the
The three articles are ____, ____, and ____.
definite article
(The) is called a ________ ________ because it refers to a specific thing.
indefinite articles
(A) and (an) are called _________ ________ because they refer to general things.
Indefinite adjectives
__________ ___________ don't specify the specific amount of something.
noun, pronoun
Use an adjective to describe a ______ or a ________.
vivid adjectives
Use _________ _________ to make your writing more specific and descriptive.
linking verb
Use an adjective after a ________ ____.
subject, descriptive
A linking verb connects a _______ with a _________ word.
the most common linking verbs
be (is, am, are, was, were, and so on), seem, appear, look, feel, smell, sound, taste, become, grow, remain, stay, and turn are:
predicate adjectives
__________ __________ are adjectives seperated from the noun/pronoun by a linking verb.
subject
Predicate adjectives describe the _________ of the sentence.
subject, object, predicate
Every ideal sentence should have the _______, _______, and ________.
subject, predicate
A lot of sentences include only the ________ and the _________/verb phrase.
subject
The _______ in a sentence refers to the doer of the action.
predicate
The part of a sentence or clause containing the verb or action word is the _________.
object
The ________ always refers (to which or to what and whom) the action is being done to.
subject
The _________ refers to the main topic of the sentence. It is (the who, the what, and the where).
object
The ________ is always part of the predicate. It always answers the (what) question that the predicate asks.
object
(The direct, the indirect, and the prepositional) are three types of an _________.
Indirect object
They accused her (of theft) - (type of object)
direct object
Andrea ate (the pie) - (type of object)
prepositional object
They all went (to the steak house) - (type of object).
subject
(A determinerless noun phrase, a determiner phrase, a gerund, an infinitive; a full clause introduced by the complement 'that', and a direct quotation) are types of a ________.
a determinerless noun phrase
(Music) heals the soul - (type of subject).
a determiner noun phrase
(A large bird) swooped down to snatch its meal - (type of subject).
a gerund
(Swimming) requires synergy of the mind and other elements. (type of subject)
to learn
The to-infinitive of the verb learn is ___ _____.
learn
The bare infinitive of 'to learn' is _________.
adjective Clause
If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it is called an _________ ________.
adjective phrase
If an adjective clause is stripped of its subject and verb, the resulting modifier becomes an _________ _______.
indefinite pronouns
When __________ ___________, such as (something, someone, and anybody), are modified by an adjective, the adjective comes after the pronoun.
postpositive
There are certain adjectives in combination with certain words, are always _____________.
nouns, adjectives
The difference between gerunds and present participles is that gerunds function as _______ and present participles function as _________.
Quantity adjectives
____________ ____________ tell (how much) and can be definite or indefinite.
opinion adjective
An _________ __________ is simply that; the opinion of the speaker and it is purely subjective.
size
Some adjectives describe the ____ of an object.
age adjectives
Old, antique, young, youthful, recent, modern, elderly, and baby.
Shape adjectives
_____ ________ are another example of descriptive adjectives.
color adjectives
Purple, white, brownish, pastel, tanned, dark-blue, and yellow.
originating adjectives
Canadian, Indian, Swiss, Spanish, lunar, polar, southern, and Californian.
descriptive adjectives
Cotton, polyester, glass, plastic, china, metal, steel, and wooden.
purpose adjectives
Work, fishing, sleeping, racing, walking, folding, swinging, and cooking.
predicate
A ________ adjective is part of the _________ of a sentence and describes the subject. Most descriptive adjectives can become __________ adjectives.
disjunct
Unfortunately, luckily, of course, naturally, on the whole, in short, to be precise.
predicate adjective
The weather (was cold all week).
Infinitives
___________ can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.
adjective clause
(My sister, who is much older than I am), is an engineer.
conditional clause (or if clause)
If Mary had arrived on time, we would have caught the train.
intensifying adverbs
(Very) strange, (extremely) disappointed, (absolutely) amazing.
Infinitives
__________ can be used to indicate the purpose or intention of an action (where the 'to' has the same meaning as 'in order to' or 'so as to').
infinitives
___________ are sometimes used as the subject of the sentence.
Infinitives
___________ can be used with nouns or pronouns, to indicate what something can be used for, or what is to be done with it.
simple past perfect
He told me that he (had left) his suitcases at the airport.
past continuous
When I arrived, they (were sitting) in the garden.
non-defining relative clause
A __-________ ________ ______ adds extra information to the sentence.
before
Adjectives usually come ______ the noun.
Attributive adjectives
__________ __________ can come after the noun in fixed expressions.
qualify
Some adjectives ending in (ible) or (able) can come after the noun they ________.
Adjectives, indefinite pronouns
__________ are always placed after ____________ ____________ such as: (something, everything, anything, nothing, somebody, everybody, somewhere, etc).
-est
The superlative adjective suffix is _____.
-er
The comparative adjective suffix is ______.
general, specific
The order for compound adjective phrases is ___________ then __________.
opinion, descriptive
The order for descriptive adjective phrases is ___________ then __________.
adjectives
We use some __________ only after a link verb.
Absolute adjectives
_____ _____ can't be used with 'very'.
indefinite article
Use the __________ __________ (a, an) when presenting new information.
definite article
Use the ___________ __________ (the) when knowledge is shared.