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Level 18

Inflection, Declension, Aspect, and Voice


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phonology
The branch of linguistics concerned with the study of speech sounds with reference to their distribution and patterning is called:
human speech
Phonology is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of _______ ________.
Phonics
__________ refers to a method for teaching speakers of any language to read and write that language. _______ involves teaching how to connect the sounds of spoken language with letters/letter groups
infix
(abso-bloody-lutely) is an example of the use of an:
synthetic (or inflected) languages
Languages that have some degree of inflection are called:
present participle
A verb form with an (ing) ending is known as a:
present progressive (or present continuous)
A present form of the verb (to be + a present participle) is known as the:
inflectional plural affix -s
In English most nouns are inflected for number with the:
declining (it)
Inflecting a noun, pronoun, adjective or determiner is known as:
inflectional past tense affix -ed
Most English verbs are inflected for tense with the:
conjugating (it)
Inflecting a verb is called:
inflection by ablaut
(Sing, sang, sung) is known as:
Nominal
________ relates to a noun or to any word or word group that functions as a noun.
Aspect
_______ is the verb form that indicates completion, duration, or repetition of an action.
Inflection by umlaut
Mice, mouse
past, passive, or perfect participle
the ___________ is identical to the past tense form (in -ed) in the case of regular verbs, but takes various forms in the case of irregular verbs, such as sung, written, put, gone, etc.
perfect aspect
The ____ ____ is formed with (has, have, or had + the past participle).
progressive aspect
The ____________ _________ is made up of (a form of be + the -ing form of the main verb).
agglutinative
Languages in which each inflection conveys only a single grammatical category are known as ____ languages.
fusional
Languages in which a single inflection can convey multiple grammatical roles (such as both nominative case and plural) are called __________ languages
voice
The ________ of a verb describes the relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments (subject, object, etc).
analytic (or isolating)
Languages that never use inflections are called:
active voice
When the subject is the agent or doer of the action, the verb is in the:
passive voice
When the subject is the patient, target or undergoer of the action, the verb is said to be in the:
Inflection
_________ can be either conjugations (verbs) or declensions (nouns/adj).