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Lexis


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synonym
word that means the same as another word
antonym
words that mean the opposite
homonym
a word with same sound as another word, but with a different meaning
hyperbole
exaggeration
hyponym
a word that is linked in meaning to another word
contraction
the shortening or running together of words. An apostrophe replaces the missing letters.
colloquial language
informal, everyday language.
taboo language
language considered forbidden/ inappropriate in certain social situations.
onomatopoeia
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
lexical/semantic field
words used in a text which relate to the texts' subject matter
register
the type or variety of language that the writer or speaker has chosen to use
formality
describes the degree to which texts stick to certain conversations and how impersonal they are
manner
used to express how formal or informal a text is
lexis
the vocabulary of a language - words and their origins
high frequency lexis
words that appear often in everyday speech
low frequency lexis
Words that appear more rarely, such as specialist terms from a field.
polysemic
describing a word with more than one meaning (e.g. 'set' can refer to a set of cutlery a tennis set and what happens to jelly
collocation
two or more words that are often found together in a group or phrase with a distinct meaning
compound
A word formed from two other words (e.g. dustbin)
denotation
the literal, generally accepted, dictionary definition of a word
connotation
the associated meanings we often have with certain words depending on the person reading or hearing the word and on the context in which the word appears
lexical words
these word classes are so called 'open' because we can add new words within them. 'Google' for example is a new noun and verb that has arrived recently. These types of words carry meaning in a sentence.