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Art and Intellectual Movements II

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Art movement that reflected the age of absolutism
Art movement that began in the Catholic Reformation countries to teach and demonstrate the power and glory of the Church
Prominent in France, Flanders, Austria, Southern Germany, and Poland; later spread to Protestant countries
sought to overwhelm the viewer: emphasized grandeur, emotion, movement, spaciousness and unity
**Baroque Artist** "David"; created canopy over St. Peter's Cathedral
Versailles Palace
Quintessential Baroque Architecture
Art Movement: Schonbrunn, Winter Palace
**Baroque Artist** depicted highly emotional scenes; sharp contrasts of light and dark to create drama
Peter Paul Rubens
**Baroque Artist** Flemish painter; emphasized color and sensuality
**Baroque Artist** numerous paintings of the Spanish court
**Baroque Artist** famous for vivid depictions of dramatic scenes and "Judith" paintings
Dutch Baroque
Art movement in Holland that did not seek to overwhelm the viewer; reflected its wealth and religious toleration
Rembrandt van Rijn
**Baroque Artist** used extremes of light and dark in the Baroque Style (tenebrism)
Rembrandt van Rijn
**Baroque Artist** used extremes of light and dark in the Baroque Style (tenebrism)
Jan Vermeer
**Baroque Artist** painted simple domestic interior scenes of ordinary people
Baroque Music
movement that believed that the text should dominate the music; developed minor and major tonalities; dissonance was used freely
**Baroque Composer** wrote dense, polyphonic structures
**Baroque Composer** wrote "The Massiah"