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Level 19

Environment


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ape
a hairy animal like a monkey but with no tail and long arms
gesture
to point at something or express something using your hand, arm, or head
maintain
to keep in good condition
alert
quick to notice and react to things around you
scramble
to move or climb quickly but with difficulty, often using your hands
fumes
strong, unpleasant, and sometimes dangerous gas or smoke
climate
the regular pattern of weather conditions of a particular place
undergrowth
bushes and other plants growing under trees
carbon dioxide
a gas breathed out by people and animals from the lungs or produced by burning
squat
to bend your legs so that you are sitting with your bottom very close to the ground
crouch
to put your body close to the ground by bending your legs under you
burst
If a container bursts, or if you burst it, it breaks suddenly, so that what is inside it comes out
greenhouse effect
an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere (= mixture of gases around the Earth), that is believed to be the cause of a gradual warming of the surface of the Earth
wellies
long rubber boots that you wear to walk through water or mud
desertification
the process by which land changes into desert
compost
a mixture of decayed leaves and plants that is added to the soil to improve its quality
bank
the side of a river or a canal
carbon footprint
a measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide that a person or business's activities produce
stand-by
ready to use
fossil fuel
fuels, such as gas, coal, and oil, that were formed underground from plant and animal remains millions of years ago
laundry
clothes, sheets, etc that need to be washed
load
an amount of clothes that you put in the machine
thermostat
a piece of equipment that controls the temperature of something or of a place
cuppa
INFORMAL a cup of tea
carbon emissions
carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide made by things such as factories or cars that burn carbon and cause pollution
geothermal energy
energy that is produced from water heated using the natural heat produced inside the Earth
renewable energy
energy that is produced using the sun, wind, etc., or from crops, rather than using fuels such as oil or coal
hydropower
the ​production of ​electricity by the ​force of ​fast ​moving ​water
solar power
energy that is produced from sunlight
decompose
to decay; gradually be destroyed
landfill
a place where waste is buried in the ground in large amounts
dump
a place where waste is buried in the ground in large amounts
deforestation
the cutting down of trees in a large area; the destruction of forests by people
intensive farming
a way of producing large amounts of crops, by using chemicals and machines
pesticide
a chemical substance used to kill organisms that are not wanted, such as harmful insects or small animals
atmosphere
the mixture of gases around the Earth
pesticide
a chemical that is used to kill insects which damage plants
agriculture
farming