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Level 16

Crime


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fraud
the crime of deceiving people in order to gain something such as money or goods.
arson
the crime of intentionally starting a fire in order to damage or destroy something, especially a building
suspended sentence
A prison sentence carried out in the community. If the person breaks the conditions of their sentence they can be sent to prison.
forensics
the use of science and technology to investigate facts in criminal cases
forensic scientist
a person who uses science and technology to investigate crime
innocent
not guilty of a crime
guilty
having broken a law
bailiff
someone whose job is to guard prisoners in a court
pay a premium
pay an amount of money for insurance
suspect
someone who may have committed a crime
community service
work that people do to help other people without payment, and which young criminals whose crime was not serious enough for them to be put in prison are sometimes ordered to do
make a claim
to request than an insurance company pays you for something that has happened
insure sth
to ​protect yourself against ​risk by ​regularly ​paying a ​special ​company that will ​provide a ​fixed ​amount of ​money if you are ​killed or ​injured or if ​your ​home or possessions are ​damaged, ​destroyed, or ​stolen
witness
a person who sees an event happening, especially a crime or an accident
sentence sb to
to give a legal punishment to someone who is guilty of a crime
get away with sth
to succeed in avoiding punishment for something
sentence
a punishment given by a judge in court to a person or organization after they have been found guilty of doing something wrong
convict sb of
to decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a particular crime
saliva
the liquid produced in your mouth to keep the mouth wet and to help to prepare food to be digested
be arrested
to be take to a police station because the police think you have done something illegal
tongue-tied
describes when you find it difficult to express yourself, usually because you are nervous
suspicious
making you feel that something is wrong or that something bad or illegal is happening
dodgy
bad, or not able to be trusted
significant
important or noticeable
cabin
a small, simple house made of wood
trash
to destroy something
far-fetched
very unlikely to be true, and difficult to believe
poach
to illegally catch or kill animals, especially by going onto land without the permission of the person who owns it
trespass
to go on someone's land without their permission
intruder
someone who enters a place where they are not allowed to be, often to commit a crime
littering
throwing rubbish on the ground
unauthorised
done without official permission
certain
completely sure of something, or knowing without doubt that something is true
petty crime
a type of crime which is not considered serious when compared with some other crimes
aid
to help
quit
resign/leave a job or position
riddle
something that is ​confusing, or a ​problem that is ​difficult to ​solve
plea
an urgent and emotional request
key
essential, vital
axe
to reduce services, jobs, payments, etc. a lot or completely without warning or in a single action
hit
to have an unpleasant or negative effect on a person or thing
bid
an attempt to achieve or get something
drama
an event or situation, especially an unexpected one, in which there is worry or excitement and usually a lot of action
back
support
blaze
a large, strong fire
clash
to fight or argue
blast
an explosion
barrister
a type of lawyer in the UK , Australia, and some other countries who can give specialized legal advice and can argue a case in both higher and lower courts
solicitor
a type of lawyer in Britain and Australia who is trained to prepare cases and give advice on legal subjects and can represent people in lower courts
defendant
a person, company, etc., against whom a claim or charge is brought in a court.
park ranger
a person whose job is to take care of and protect a national park
prohibited
not allowed
vandal
someone who intentionally damages things in public places
burglary
the crime of getting into a building illegally and stealing things
vandalism
the crime of intentionally damaging property belonging to other people
predict
to say that an event or action will happen in the future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience
shelter
(a building designed to give) protection from bad weather, danger, or attack
threaten
to say that you will cause trouble, hurt somebody, etc. if you do not get what you want
curfew
a time by which a child or criminal must be home in the evening
capital punishment
death as a punishment by the state for a serious crime
corporal punishment
the physical punishment of people, especially of children, by hitting them
paedophile
someone who is sexually interested in children
footprint
the mark made by a person's or animal's foot
judge
someone who controls a trial in court, decides how criminals should be punished, and makes decisions about legal things
fingerprint
the pattern of curved lines on the end of a finger or thumb that is different in every person, or a mark left by this pattern
thief
a person who steals
rape
to force someone to have sex when they do not want to
manslaughter
the crime of killing a person by someone who did not intend to do it or who cannot be responsible for their actions
the defence
the person or people in a law case who have been accused of doing something illegal, and their lawyer(s)
murder
the crime of intentionally killing a person
the prosecution
the lawyers in a court case who represent the side that accuses someone of committing a crime
jury
a group of people who have been chosen to listen to all the facts in a trial in a law court and to decide whether a person is guilty or not guilty
lawyer
someone whose job is to give advice to people about the law and speak for them in court
law enforcement
the activity of making certain that the laws of an area are obeyed
consent
permission or agreement
castrate
to remove the testicles of a male animal or human