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Level 11

Health


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grate
to rub food against a grater in order to cut it into small pieces
frying pan
a flat, metal pan with a long handle that is used for frying food
rare
If meat is rare, it is still red because it has only been cooked for a short time
raw
not cooked
umami
a ​strong, ​salty ​taste that is ​found in ​foods such as ​cheese, ​fish, or ​mushrooms
herb
a plant that is used in cooking to add flavour to food or used in medicines
bitter
having a taste like coffee or paracetamol
recipe
a set of instructions that tells you how to cook something and the ingredients you need for it
grill
cook food under strong direct heat
chop
to cut something into small pieces
saucepan
a deep, metal pan, usually with a long handle and a lid, that is used to cook food in
scramble
mix eggs together and then cook
roast
cook in an oven with oil/fat
cooker
a large box-shaped device which is used to cook and heat food either by putting the food inside or by putting it on the top
slice
to cut food into thin, flat pieces
bake
to cook something such as bread or a cake with dry (no oil/fat) heat in an oven
dish
a type of food that is prepared in a particular way
stir
to move a liquid or substance around, using a spoon or something similar, in order to mix it thoroughly
joint
a place where something is sold, especially a restaurant or bar
overconsumption
eat/use too much of sth
short-term
relating to a short period of time
harm
damage or injury that is caused by a person or an event
appalling
shocking; extremely bad
long-term
continuing a long time into the future
obese
excessively overweight
significantly
by an important or noticeable amount
Body Mass Index
a measurement of a person's weight in relation to their height, used to find out if they are too fat
portion
the amount of food served to one person, especially in a restaurant
diet
the type of food that someone usually eats
waistline
an imaginary line going round the narrowest part of your waist
coronary
an extremely dangerous medical condition in which the flow of blood to the heart is blocked by a blood clot
sue
to take legal action against a person or organization, especially by making a legal claim for money because of some harm that they have caused you
expert
person with special knowledge about a topic
diagnose
recognize and name the exact character of a disease or a problem, by examining it
single-minded
focus on 1 thing
developmental
adj - your body mind grows / develops
anatomy
study of body
hyper
bigger than super
neurology
study of the brain
convenience
the fact of being easy to use and suitable for what you want to do
The Golden Arches
a nickname for McDonald's
mood
the way you are feeling at a particular time
digestive system
the organs in your body involved with the digestion of food
fast track
a very quick way of achieving or dealing with something
lawsuit
a legal complaint against someone that does not usually involve the police
rare
very unusual
eat out
eat at a restaurant
convenient
easy to use or suiting your plans well
department store
a large shop divided into several different parts that sell different types of things
be active
do exercise
check-up
a medical examination to test your general state of health
moderate
neither small nor large in size, amount, degree, or strength
moderation
the quality of doing something within reasonable limits
treatment
the use of drugs, exercises, etc. to cure a person of an illness or injury
get over
to recover from illness or unhappy feeling
work out
exercise
infection
a disease in a part of your body that is caused by bacteria or a virus
treat
use drugs, exercises, etc. to cure a person of a disease or heal an injury
persist
continue
feel under the weather
feel ill
uptight
stressed
feel a bit off colour
feel ill
sore throat
a condition in which your throat is red and feels painful, especially when you swallow
symptom
a physical feeling or problem that shows that you have a particular illness
look taken aback
look surprised or shocked
unwind
relax
frankly
honestly and directly
examination
when a doctor looks at a patient carefully in order to discover the problem
diagnose
to say what is wrong with someone who is sick
surgery
a place where doctors or other medical workers treat people
cure
to make someone with an illness healthy again
sick note
a piece of paper on which a doctor writes that a patient is ill and has permission not to go to work
vaccination
an injection to prevent someone getting a disease
prescribe
to say what medical treatment someone needs
antibiotics
a medicine that cures infections by destroying harmful bacteria
surgery
a place where doctors or other medical workers treat people
get to the bottom of sth
to discover the truth about a situation
heal
become/make healthy again
irritated
annoyed/slightly angry
specialist
a doctor who has special training in and knowledge of a particular area of medicine
thorough
careful and covering every detail
pill
a small, hard piece of medicine that you swallow
maze
a complicated system of paths where you can easily become lost
debt
something. especially an amount of money, that you owe someone
liver
a large organ in your body that cleans your blood
do more harm than good
to be damaging and not helpful
far-fetched
very unlikely to be true, and difficult to believe
spoilt
allowed to behave or have exactly what you want to, usually so that you become selfish and don't care for and show respect to other people
considerably
large or of noticeable importance
kidneys
two organs in your body that remove waste from the blood and produce urine
horrifying
very shocking and unacceptable
diabetes
a disease in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood
experiment
a test, especially a scientific one, that you do in order to learn something or discover if something is true