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Unit 4 - Change


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adapt
(v) to change your ideas or behaviour so that you can deal with a new situation
adjust
(v) to change something slightly in order to make it better, more accurate or more effective
alternate
1. (v) if one thing alternates with another, it happens after it and keeps being repeated 2. (adj) happening on one day, week, etc, but not on the day, week, etc that immediately follows
alternative
(adj) different from something else and able to be used instead of it
amend
(v) to make changes to a document, law, agreement, etc, especially in order to improve it
conservative
(adj) not willing to accept much change, especially in the traditional values of society
convert
1. (v) to change from one system, use or method to another, or to make something do this 2. (v) to change your beliefs, especially your religious beliefs, or to persuade someone to do this 3. (n) someone who has changed their beliefs in an important way
decay
1. (v) to be gradually destroyed as a result of a natural process of change, or to destroy something in this way 2. (n) the gradual destruction of something as a result of a natural process of change
deteriorate
(v) to become worse
distort
(v) to change something such as information so that it is no longer true or accurate
dynamic
(adj) continuously changing, growing or developing
endure
(v) 1. to suffer something unpleasant or difficult in a patient way over a long period 2. to last for a long time
evolve
(v) 1. when a type of plan or animal evolves, its physical form changes over a long period of time 2. to gradually change and develop over a period of time
influence
1. (v) to affect the way someone thinks or behaves or affect the way something happens 2. (n) the effect that a person or thing has on someone's decisions, opinions or behaviour or on the way something happens
innovation
(n) a new idea, method, piece of equipment, etc
innovative
(adj) new, original and advanced
last
(v) to continue existing or happening for or until a particular time
maintain
(v) to make something stay the same
mature
1. (v) to start behaving like an adult and become more senseible as you get older 2. (adj) behaving in the sensible way that you would expect an adult to behave
modify
(v) to change something slightly, especially in order to improve it or to make it less extreme
novel
(adj) new or unusual
persist
(v) to continue to do or say something in a determined way
potential
1. (n) the possibility to develop or achieve something in the future 2. (adj) possible or likely in the future
progress
1. (v) to continue to develop or move forward 2. (n) the process of developing or improving
radical
(adj) a radical change or way of doing something is new and very different from the usual way
refine
(v) to make some changes to something in order to improve it
reform
1. (v) to improve a situation by correcting things that are wrong or unfair, or make a system work more effectively 2. (n) a change intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair or make a system work more effectively
remain
(v) to continue to be in a particular situation or condition
revise
(v) 1. to change your opinion or judgment of someone or something 2. to change, improve or make additions to something such as a book, law or piece of writing
revolution
(n) 1. a sudden or major change, especially in ideas or methods 2. a situation in which people completely change their government or political system, usually by force
shift
1. (v) if an idea, attitude or plan shifts or someone shifts it, it changes 2. (n) a change in something, for example in someone's ideas or opinions
spoil
(v) to affect something in a way that makes it worse, less attractive or less enjoyable
status quo
(n phr) the present situation or the way things usually are
steady
1. (v) to hold something firmly without shaking or moving it 2. (adj) firmly held in a particlar position without moving or shaking 3. (adj) staying at the same level, speed, value, etc
substitute
1. (v) to remove one thing and put something else in its place 2. (n) something that is used instead of something else
sustain
(v) to provide the conditions in which something can happen or exist
switch
1. (v) to replace one object with another 2. (n) a change from one thing to another 3. (n) something such as a button or key that controls the electrical supply to a light, piece of equipment, machine, etc
transform
(v) to make someone or something completely different, usually in a way that makes them more attractive, easier to use, etc
trend
(n) a gradual change or development that produces a particular result
uniform
(adj) the same everywhere