Level 37 Level 39
Level 38

Unit 20 - Social Issues


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abolish
(v) to officially get rid of a law, system, practice, etc
advocate
(v) to publicly support a particualr policy or way of doing things
alleviate
(v) to make something less painful, sever or sious
bureaucracy
(n) a complicated and annoying system of rules and processes
charity
(n) an organisation to which you give money so that it can give money and help to people who are poor or ill, or who need advice and support
class
(n) one of the groups into which people in a society are divided according to their family background, education, job, or income
community
(n) the people who live in an area
convict
1. (v) to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime 2. (n) someone who is in prison because they have committed a crime
corruption
(n) dishonest or illegal behaviour by officials or people in positions of power, especially when they accept money in exchange for doing things for someone
deterrent
(n) something that makes people decide not to do something by making them realise that something unpleasant could happen to them
heritage
(n) the art, buildings, traditions and beliefs that a society considers important to its history and culture
immigration
(n) the process in which people enter a country in order to live there permanently
industrial action
(n phr) a protest in which workers show that they disagree with a policy of their employer, for example by striking
institution
(n) a large organisation such as a bank, hospital, university or prison
legislation
(n) a law or set of laws
prejudice
(n) an unreasonable opinion or feeling, especially the feeling of not liking a partiuclar group of people
prison reform
(n phr) changes intended to make the prison system fairer or more effective
privileged
(adj) having advantages and opportunities that other people do not have, because you have a lot of money or high social status
prosecute
(v) to officially accuse someone of a crime and ask a court of law to judge them
state
(n) the government of a country