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Unit 16 - The Built Environment


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built-up
(adj) a built-up area has a lot of buildings in it
bypass
1. (v) to avoid the centre of a town or city by using a road that goes round it 2. (n) a road that goes round a town or city so that you can avoid going through its centre
construct
(v) to build something large or complicated, such as a bridge or road
demolish
(v) to deliberately destroy a building
district
(n) an area of a town or country
dwell
(v) to live somewhere
estate
(n) an area where there are many houses, usually built at the same time by the same company
evict
(v) to legally force someone to leave the house they are living in, usually because they have not paid their rent
high-rise
(adj) a high-rise building is very tall with many floors or levels
housing
(n) buildings for people to live in
infrastructure
(n) the set of systems within a place or organisation that affect how well it operates, for example the telephone and transport systems in a country
inner city
(n phr) an area near the centre of a large city where a lot of poverty and other social problems exist
occupy
(v) if someone occupies a room, building, area of land, seat, bed or other place during a peiod of time, they use it
populated
(adj) a populated area has people living there
skyline
(n) the shapes made by buildings or mountains when you see them against the sky
skyscraper
(n) avery tall building containuung offices or flats
structure
(n) something large sch as a building or a bridge that is built from different parts
suburban
(adj) relating to an area or town near a large city but away from its centre, where there are many houses, especially for middle-class people
surroundings
(n pl) all the things that are present in a place and that form the experience of being there
urban
(adj) relating to towns and cities, or happening there