Level 2
Level 1

Unit 2 - Thinking


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assess
(v) 1. To carefully consider a situation, person or problem in order to make a judgment 2. to calculate what something costs or is worth
assume
(v) to believe that something is true, even though no one has told you or even though you have no proof
baffle
(v) if a problem, someone's behaviour, etc baffles you, you cannot understand it or solve it
biased
(adj) preferring one person, thing or idea to another in a way that is unfair
concentrate
(v) to give all your attention to the thing you are doing
consider
(v)1. to think about something carefully before making a decision or developing an opinion 2. to have a particular opinion about someone or something
contemplate
(v)1. to consider doing something in the future 2. to think very carefully about something for a long time
cynical
(adj) someone who is cynical believes that people care only about themselves and are not sincere or honest, or expects things not to be successful or useful
deduce
(v) to know something as a result of considering the information or evidence that you have
deliberate
(v) to think about or discuss something very carefully, especially before you make an important decision
dilemma
(n) a situation in which you have to make a difficult decision
discriminate
(v) 1. to treat someone unfairly because of their religion, race or other personal features 2. to recognise the difference between things
dubious
(adj) 1. not completely good, safe or honest 2. not sure about the truth quality of something, or whether you should do something
estimate
1. (n) an amount that you guess or calculate using the information available 2. (n) a statement telling a customer how much money you will charge if they employ you to do a particular piece of work 3. (v) to say what you think an amount or value will be, either by guessing or by using available information to calculate it
faith
(n) strong belief in or trust of someone or something
gather
(v) to believe that something is true, although no one has directly told you about it
genius
(n) 1. someone who is much more intelligent or skilful than other people 2. a very high level of skill or ability
grasp
(v) to understand something
guesswork
(n) the process of trying to find the answer to something by guessing, or the answer found by using this method
hunch
(n) a feeling that something is true or will happen, although you do not know any definite facts about it
ideology
(n) a system of ideas and principles on which a political or economic theory is based
ingenious
(adj) an ingenious plan, piece of equipment, etc uses new and clever ideas
inspiration
(n) a sudden feeling of enthusiasm or a new idea that helps you to do or create something
intuition
(n) an ability to know or understand something through your feelings, rather than by considering facts or evidence
justify
(v) to show that there is a good reason for something, especially something that other people think is wrong
naive
(adj) a naive person lacks experience of life and tends to trust other people and believe things too easily
notion
(n) an idea or understanding or something
optimistic
(adj) 1. someone who is optimistic is hopeful about the future and tends to expect that good things will happen 2. based on beliefs that are too confident
paradox
(n) a person, thing or situation that is strange because they have features or qualities that do not normally exist together
pessimistic
(adj) 1. someone who is pessimistic is not hopeful about the future and tends to expect bad things will happen 2. thinking that the worst thing will happen in every situation
plausible
(adj) likely to be true, honest or suitable
ponder
(v) to think carefully about something for a long time before reaching a decision
prejudiced
(adj) someone who is prejudiced has an unreasonable opinion or feeling about someone or something, especially hatred or fear of a particular group of people
presume
(v) to think something is true because it is likely, although you cannot be certain
query
1. (n) a question that you ask because you want information or because you are not certain about something 2. (v) to ask a question about something because you have doubts about it 3. (v) to ask something
reckon
(v) to believe that something is true
reflect
(v) to think about something carefully and seriously
sceptical/skeptical
(adj) having doubts about something that other people think is true or right
speculate
(v) to consider or discuss why something has happened
suppose
(v) to believe that something is probably true, based on your experience, your knowledge and any other information that you have