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202 Care of Textiles


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Pretreatment
Any special attention you give a garment before laundering
Pressing
The process of lifting and lowering the iron onto areas of the fabric
Ironing
Moving the iron back and forth over the fabric
Dry clean
To clean using chemicals rather than with water and detergent
Care labels
Labels in garments that tell you how to properly care for the garments
Stains
A spot or discoloration on a garment
Sorting
Grouping clothing into piles according to how you will launder them
Tumble drying
Drying clothes in an automatic dryer
Line drying
Hanging up washed clothes, usually on a clothes line, to dry
Flat drying
Drying a washed garment by first rolling the garment in a towel and pressing the water out, then laying the garment out flat on a clean, dry surface
Snag
A loop or yarn pulled out of a fabric
Alteration
A change made in a garment so that it will fit properly
detergents
Job is to remove dirt from fabrics
Bleach
Product used with detergents to remove stains, whiten, and brighten 100% cotton fabrics
Fabric softeners
(Can be liquid and used in the washing machine or dry sheets used in the dryer) reduce static, make fabric softeners, and reduce wrinkling
Bleeding colors
A color that releases some of it's dye onto other fabrics (causing fading of garments
Colorfast
Having colors that will not bleed or fade
Soleplate
The bottom of your iron (the flat, hot part)
Mend
Repair
Mildew
A fungus that grows on damp fabrics, causing stains