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101 - Apparel History


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Flying Shuttle
An invention patented by John Kay that allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics and could allows for automatic machine looms
Spinning Jenny
A multi-spindle spinning frame invented by James Hargreaves to reduce the amount of work needed to produce yarn
Cotton Gin
A machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber invented by Eli Whitney
Spinning Mule
A machine invented by Samuel Crompton that is used to spin cotton and other fibers in the mills
Elias Howe
Created the sewing machine; Issued the first American patent for a process that used thread from two different sources
Ebenezer Butterick
Changed the face of home sewing forever by creating the sewing pattern
Levi Strauss
Inventor of the American blue jeans with rivots and called waist overalls
Charles Worth
A designer who is widely considered the Father of Haute Couture and the first to place labels in clothing.
Fast Fashion
A term used by retailers to express that designs are made inexpensively and can be marketed and sold very quickly.
Standardized Sizes
A sizing system the entire industry follows for home sewing.
Isaac Singer
Built the first commercially successful sewing machine powered by a foot pedal.
Ready to Wear
Term for factory made clothing. Military uniforms were the first type produced
Christian Dior
French designer that is known for the "New Look" of very feminine clothing - full skirts, cinched waists
Coco Chanel
French designer that made the "little black dress" popular
Paper Pattern
template from which the parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before cutting out and assembling
Internet
an electronic communications network that connects computer networks and facilities around the world