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Phonology (further information)


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phoneme
They can be combined with other ________s to create meaningful units such as morphemes or words
allophone
- The position in a word determines different pronunciation. - All phonemes have __________s.
vowel
Monothongs, diphthongs and triphthongs are types of _______
consonant
They can be voiced or unvoiced. - Other types of speech sound are vowels and semi-vowels.
diphthong
Other types of vowel sound are monothongs and triphthongs. - It is one phoneme. - The stress is on the first component.
voiced
many ________ sounds have a voiceless counterpart, e.g. ________ /z/ and voiceless /s/
voiceless
many voiced sounds have a ___________ counterpart, e.g. voiced /z/ and _______ /s/
stress-timed language
They can be compared with syllable-timed languages, like Spanish/Japanese
syllable-timed language
They can be compared with syllable-timed languages, like English/German
assimilation
other features of connected speech include liaison and elision
liaison
other features of connected speech include assimilation and elision
elision
A feature of connected speech in which a sound is omitted, often because another, similar, sound follows
weak forms
most _________ involve replacement of the vowel by schwa
intonation
the basic unit of _________ is a tone unit, centred on a nucleus
tone unit
the structure of a tone unit is (pre-head) (head) tonic syllable (tail)
nucleus/tonic syllable
(often) the most important content word in the tone unit
tone
In tonal languages, ______ can change the meaning of a word. In English, it indicates attitude.
phonology
- The transcription uses /..../ - In the classroom, phonological areas include phonemes, intonation, stress and features of connected speech
phonetics
the study of human speech
juncture
other features of connected speech include assimilation, liaison, and elision