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Level 15

Verb types - finite verbs


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simple present
one verb, happening now, always or regularly (I see, I am, I sleep)
simple past
one verb, happening once, always or regularly in the past (I came, I saw, I conquered)
third person singular present tense verb form
ends in an "-s" (he sees, it is, she sleeps)
regular verb
adds "-s" for third person singular present tense, and adds "-ed" for the simple past
strong verb
adds "-s" for third person singular present tense, but undergoes a medial vowel change in the simple past (come/came, know/knew, ring/rang)
irregular verb
doesn't follow the rules and regulations for either regular or strong verbs (to be, I am, you are, he is, we were, it was)
progressive aspect
uses two verbs: "to be" and a present participle (I am going, she was trying, you are winning)
perfective aspect
uses two verbs: "to have" and a past participle (I have gone, she had tried, you have won)
future aspect
uses two verbs: "will" and an infinitive (I will go, she will try, you will win)
conditional aspect
uses two verbs: "would" and an infinitive (I would go, she would try, you would win)