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Environment


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climate change
The change in global climate patterns which appeared from the mid to late 20th century onwards.
Fossil fuels
A natural fuel such as coal, gas, or oil formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.
Deforestation
Cutting down and clearing areas of forest.
Ecosystem
All the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment.
Habitat
The natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives.
hazardous chemicals
substances, mixtures and articles used in the workplace that can be classified according to their health and physicochemical hazards
wreck
Something, especially a vehicle or building, that has been badly damaged or destroyed
mudslide
the rapid downward movement of a large quantity of saturated earth
devastation
Great destruction or damage
torrential rain
the amount of rain that is considered especially heavy
reservoir
a lake where water is stored to supplied to house, factories…
drizzle
to rain very lightly
pour
to rain very hard
puddle
a small pool of water that is left on the ground after it has rained
pond
a small area of still water, especially one that is artificial
Sustainable development
economic development that is conducted without depletion of natural resources.
Carbon footprint
the amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted due to the consumption of fossil fuels by a particular person, group, etc..
Greenhouse effect
the trapping of the sun's warmth in a planet's lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation from the sun than to infrared radiation emitted from the planet's surface.
Global warming
a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants.
Renewable energy
energy from a source that is not depleted when used, such as wind or solar power.
casualty
A person killed or injured in a war or accident./ an accident or disaster
drainage
The action or process of draining something
alternative
available as another possibility or choice
contaminate
Make (something) impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance
flagship species
A flagship species is a species from the plant or animal kingdom that is used to represent a certain environmental issue or cause
Degrade
to reduce in amount, strength, intensity, etc.
Deplete
to decrease seriously or exhaust the abundance
Erosion
state of being eroded
Hail
rain with small pellets of ice
Ecological Balance
is a term describing how ecosystems are organized in a state of stability where species coexist with other species and with their environment.
Biodiversity
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat
Solar panel
A panel designed to absorb the sun’s rays as a source of energy for generating electricity or heating.
Wind turbine
A turbine having a large vaned wheel rotated by the wind to generate electricity.
Conserve
Prevent the wasteful overuse of (a resource)
Environmentalist
A person who is concerned about protecting the environment
call for
require, need, demand
clear up
become brighter and better
cut off
make a place difficult or impossible to enter, leave or communicate with; disconnect
extreme
very great in degree
run out of
to use up or finish a supply of something
arid
an place is very dry without many plants because of a lack of rain
catastrophe
a sudden event that causes many people to suffer (= disaster)
fauna
all the animals living in an area or in a particular period of history
predator
an animal that kills and eats other animals
cultivate
to grow crops or plants, especially in large quantities
herbicide
A substance that is toxic to plants, used to destroy unwanted vegetation
canal irrigation
An artificial open channel for transporting water for crop irrigation.
pollution abatement
measure taken to reduce pollution or its impacts on the environment
parch
Make or become dry through intense heat
landfill
a place where garbage is buried under the soil
Wildfire
Forest fire
Coral reef
a reef composed mainly of coral and other organic matter of which parts have solidified into limestone.
Ozone layer
the layer of the upper atmosphere where most atmospheric ozone is concentrated, from about 8 to 30 miles (12 to 48 km) above the earth
Pesticide
a chemical preparation for destroying plant, fungal, or animal pests.
Extinct
having died out
diminish
Make or become less
sewage
Waste water and excrement conveyed in sewers
geothermal
Relating to or produced by the internal heat of the earth
purify
Remove contaminants
reusable
Can be used more than once