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[Quiz] Basics III


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syntax
rules for communicating
Internet browser
transforms the code in test.html into a recognizable webpage
HTML
Indicates the beginning of a web page
markup language
A markup language is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text
CSS
Cascading Style Sheets.
Cascading Style Sheets
Think of it like skin and makeup that covers the bones of HTML.
tags
like parentheses: whenever you open one, you should close it
Head and Body
two parts to an HTML file
head
where you put information about your HTML file, like its title.
body
what will be visible on the actual page such as text, images, and links
<p> </p>
Paragraph opening and closing tags
Heading sizes
<h1> to <h6>
title tags
specify web page's name
By default, a link will appear like this (in all browsers):
An unvisited link is underlined and blue; A visited link is underlined and purple; An active link is underlined and red
URL
is an acronym for Uniform Resource Locator and is a reference (an address) to a resource on the Internet.
HTML5
A group of related technologies rendered by HTML. It uses a number of DOMs, typically accessed with JavaScript.
text editor
A program that can be used to write and save HTML documents.
Notepad and TextEdit
Packaged text editors of Windows and Mac (respectively)
Notepad++ and TextWrangler
Advanced text editors for Windows and Mac (respectively)
browser
A search engine to surf the world wide web; such as Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, Chrome...
quirks mode
When a browser needs to render old web sites created for older browser versions, it uses this technique.