Level 90 Level 92
Level 91

Basic Computer & Networking


57 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
Application software
consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist with personal tasks
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
A small silicon semiconductor chip with millions of transistors that executes instructions
Data Storage Device
Device capable of permanently or temporarily storing digital data
Flash Drive
A mobile storage device
Hard Drive
A place to store stuff you want to keep - non-volatile
Hardware
All of the physical devices that collectively constitute the item we think of as a desktop or a laptop computer
Internet
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
motherboard
a circuit board that contains all of the computer system's main components.
Operating System (OS)
Software used to control the computer and its peripheral equipment
Personal Computer (PC)
Any computer whose price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals to use with no intervening computer operator
Random Access Memory (RAM)
A type of computer memory that can be written to and read from. __________ usually pertains to the internal memory of a computer. __________ is usually a fast, temporary memory area where data and prog…
Server
A dedicated computer that shares resources with other computers in a network.
Software
a collection of computer programs that tell the computer how to perform a particular task
Backup
Copying files to a seperate secondary storage as a precaution in case the main device is lost, damaged or fails.
Data Storage Memory
Permanent memory not part of the motherboard. Uses any suitable data storage device. Can be read-only or read-write type of memory
License
Permission statement authorizing the use of copyrighted computer software
Local Area Network (LAN)
a network that connects computers and devices in a limited geographical area such as home, school computer laboratory, office building, or closely positioned group of buildings.
Magnetic Disk Drives
Memory storage device that uses the magnetic state of ferrous coating to record data
Memory
a component on the motherboard that stores data electronically
Networking
Connecting two or more computers together to share files and hardware
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Port
A type of data entry portal or bus for computer data
WiFi Connections
Connection via a universal wireless network standard that uses radio waves
Wireless Network
Any type of computer network that is not connected by cables of any kind
Bluetooth
A personal wireless network protocol. IT enables wireless communication between input devices and computers and among other devices within 10 meters
Booting
Everything that happens between the time the computer is turned on, performs the operations necessary to get all components functioning, and the operating system loaded
Cyberspace
Reference to the nonphysical space of binary computer communication
Defragmentation
Reorganization of information of a hard disk to store files as continuous units rather than as small packets. A computer with little fragmentation of files operate at a higher speed
Ergonomics
Scientific study of work and space, including factors that influence worker productivity and that affect workers' health
Algorithm
A special method for solving a specific kind of problem
Antiglare Screen
A filter put over the screen of a computer monitor to reduce glare
Compact Disk (CD)
AKA: Optical disk; Portible and tranferable read-write or read-only data storage device. Sometimes called a CD-ROM, CD-RW, or compact disk. Capacity is 1-8 gigabytes of data. Optical drive unit is required to read-write data from the disk
Digital Video/Versatile Disk (DVD)
An optical disk that holds 4.7 to 9.0 gigabytes of data depending on the format
Documentation
A stage of the SDP where a user guide and technical guide are produced
Driver
Computer program designed to convert data output from one device to a format compatible with another device
Electronic Health Record (EHR)
A patient's electronic medical records from multiplesources combined into one master database
Electronic Medical Record (EMR)
Patient medical record from a single medical practice, hospital, or pharmacy
Ethernet
A common local area network standard for hardware communication and cabling
Firewall
(computing) a security system consisting of a combination of hardware and software that limits the exposure of a computer or computer network to attack from crackers
Hard-Wired Network
Networks connected by metallic conductors or cables
input device
a device that can be used to insert data into a computer or other computational device
mainframe computer
A large, multi-user computer commonly used in large businesses and government agencies; more powerful than a minicomputer.
microcomputer
a computer that fits on a desktop and uses a microprocessor
minicomputer
A midsize, multi-user computer; more powerful than a workstation or personal computer but less powerful than a mainframe computer.
Network Interface
Software, servers, and cable connections used to link computers
Output Device
A device used to output data from a computer. Includes printers, faxes, data storage drivers, screens, and plotters
Patch
Modification to software to fix deficiencies in the software. Frequently downloaded from the software supplier's Web site or from floppy disks provided by the supplier
Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)
An electronic tool for organizing data, a handheld computerized personal organizer device
Phishing
An attack that sends an email or displays a Web announcement that falsely claims to be from a legitimate enterprise in an attempt to trick the user into surrendering private information
Read-Only Memory
Permanently stored computer data that cannot be overwritten without special devices. Store instructions required to start uo the computer. Located on the motherboard
Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID)
A data storage scheme that uses multiple hard drives to share or replicate data among the drives
Supercomputer
Fastest, largest, and most expensive of the four classes of computers currently being manufactured
Surge Protection
Protection of the fragile electronics from spikes in electrical voltage that occur on electric distribution lines
System Software
Programs that control or maintain the operations of a computer and its devices.
Tape Drive
Data storage device that uses magnetic tape as the storage media
Total Practice Management System (TPMS)
A category of software that deals with all the day-to-day operations of a medical practice
Wide Area Network (WAN)
Connecting together of computers on a large area for the purpose of sharing data
Wireless Local Area Connection (WLAN)
A type of local area network that uses high-frequency radio waves rather than wires to communicate between nodes