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Internet


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Internet
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
LAN
A computer network confined to a building or a group of adjacent buildings, as opposed to a wide area network
WAN
A legwork of computers and other communications devices that extends over a large area, possibly comprising national territories
Server
A dedicated computer that shares resources with other computers in a network.
Client
A computer that communicates with a server.
ARPANET
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
Instant Messaging (IM)
A form of online communication in which users exchange messages in real-time, text-based communications.
Email
A system for sending and receiving messages electronically over a computer network.
FTP
an internet standard that permits the process of files uploading and downloading with others computers on the internet
P2P
A network where all workstations connect with each other without depending on the server.
downloading
process of a computer receiving information, such as web page, from a server on the internet
uploading
The process of sending information from a computer or source to the Internet or destination computer
WWW
World Wide Web
Web Browser
A software program used to display web pages
Hypertext
A way of presenting information so that the order in which it is read is decided by the reader.
Hyperlink
A pointer to another document. Most often a pointer to another web page. A hyperlink is a synonym for a hotlink or a link, and sometimes called a hypertext connection to another document or web page.
The Internet v. The WWW: What's the difference?
The WWW is a part of The Internet.
Modem
A communication device that converts one form of a signal to another.
Firewall
(computing) a security system consisting of a combination of hardware and software that limits the exposure of a computer or computer network to attack from crackers
search engine
a computer program on the internet that searches for information
ISP
(Internet Service Provider) A company that provides access to the Internet.
Broadband
A high-speed Internet connection such as cable, satellite, or digital subscriber line (DSL).
Dial-up
An Internet connection that is established using a modem and telephone lines. Slowest data transfer.
Wi-Fi
hot spot or internet access point
router
A __________ forwards packets across computer networks.
NIC
Network Interface Card
URL
A location or address identifying where documents can be found on the Internet; a Web address
Web site
A collection of related web pages.
homepage
refers to the first page that website display
Internal links
Hyperlinks that connect to another page on a website.
External links
Hyperlinks that connect to another website.
HTML
a special formattin language that programmers use to format documents for display on the Web. used for web page development
HTTP
HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. It is the network protocol used to deliver virtually all files and other data across the Internet.
Fiber Optics
FIOS by Verizon.
Protocol
A set of rules that govern the exchange of data between hardware and software components.
HTTPS
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol over Secure