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Operating Systems


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administrator
An account has more privileges than a standard account and is used by those responsible for maintaining and securing the system.
backward compatible
the ability of older components to work with newer technologies.
cmd
A window that enables a user to enter multiple commands to perform a variety of tasks.
Desktop
A personal computer that rests on a desks. It is not portable.
device driver
A program stored on the hard drive that tells the computer how to communicate with an input/output device such as a printer or modem.
file extension
A three-character portion of the name of a file that is used to identify the file type.
filename
The first part of the name assigned to a file.
Folder
A way of separating and organizing commonly related files on the computer.
GUI
A core Windows component responsible for building graphics data to display or print.
initialization files
Configuration information files for Windows. System.ini is one of the most important Windows 9x/Me initialization files.
kernel
A software component that has __________ mode access has total access to all of the computer's data and its hardware.
logical drive
A portion or all of a hard drive partition that is treated by the operating system as though it were a physical drive.
Multitasking
__________ technology assumes that hardware components can be connected or activated at any time while the operating system is running.
Operating System
...The master controller on a computer; it manages the computers memory, processing, software and hardware
OEM
Software licenses purchased by manufacturers of hardware.
partition
A division of a hard drive that can be used to hold logical drives.
path
A drive and list of directories pointing to a file such as C:\Windows\command.
registry
A database that Windows uses to store hardware and software configuration information, user preferences, and setup information.
Root
Refers to the top-level directory of a file system.
service
A program that runs in the background to support or serve Windows or an application.
shell
The portion of an OS that relates to the user and to applications.
shortcut
An icon on the desktop that points to a program that can be executed or to a file or folder.
subdirectory
A directory or folder contained in another directory or folder. Also called a child directory or folder.
system BIOS
The bus between the CPU and memory on the motherboard.
system tray
An area to the right of the taskbar hat holds the icons for running services; these services include the volume control and network connectivity.
taskbar
A bar normally located at the bottom of the Windows desktop, displaying information about open programs and providing quick access to others.
thread
A single task.
user mode
A mode by which a subsystem has only limited access to system information and can access hardware only through other OS services.
virtual machine
A software implementation of a computer system, allowing one physical computer to run several "virtual computers", each with their own independent operating system and application software.
volume
Another term for a logical drive.