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Level 167

End-User Computing


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Application software
consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist with personal tasks
Blog
A type of website (most often maintained by an individual) with a log of comments (most often personal), meaning and descriptions of events etc.
Camera Phone
Phone that can send picture messages.
Communications Device
Hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit) and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers.
Computer
A programmable machine designed to carry out a sequence of arithmetic or logical operations
Computer Literacy
Having a current knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.
Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)
Use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly.
Convergence
Term used to refer to the trend of manufacturers offering computers and devices with technologies that overlap.
CPU (central processing unit)
a component inside the base unit that processes data and controls the flow of data between the computer's other units
data
Business __________ theft involves stealing proprietary business INFORMATION such as research for a new drug or a list of customers that competitors are eager to acquire.
Desktop Computer
Computer designed so the system unit, input devices, output devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table.
Developer
Person who writes and modifies computer programs.
Digital Camera
Device that allows users to take pictures and store the photographed images digitally, instead of on traditional film.
Digital Literacy
Having a current knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.
E-Book
Electronic version of a printed book, readable on computers and other digital devices. Also called a digital book.
E-Book Reader
Handheld device that is used primarily for reading e-books.
embedded computer
designed to perform specific tasks or functions for that product
Enterprise Computing
Term large companies use to refer to the use of a huge network of computers that meets their diverse computing needs.
Enterprise User
Computer user working for a business that has hundreds or thousands of employees or customers that work in or do business with offices across a region, the country, or the world.
Execute
Process of a computer carrying out the instructions in a program.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Question)
List that helps a user find answers to commonly asked questions.
Game Console
Mobile computing device designed for single player or multiplayer video games.
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
A way to interact with a computer using windows, images, icons, and other graphical represntations
Green Computing
Practices that involve reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer.
Handheld Computer
Computer small enough to fit in one hand.
Hardware
All of the physical devices that collectively constitute the item we think of as a desktop or a laptop computer
Home User
User who spends time on a computer at home.
Information
Data converted into a meaningful and useful context
Information Processing Cycle
Computers convert data into information. The four basic operations of a computer.
input device
a device that can be used to insert data into a computer or other computational device
Installing
Process of setting up software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware components.
instant message
a real-time internet communications service that notifies you when one or more people are online and then allows you to exchange, message or files or join a private chat with them
Internet
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
Internet-enabled
Technology that allows mobile devices to connect to the Internet wirelessly.
Laptop Computer
Portable, personal computer often designed to fit on your lap.
Mainframe
computer system that is usually used for multi-user applications
Memory
a component on the motherboard that stores data electronically
Microblog
Blog that allows users to publish short messages, usually between 100 and 200 characters, for others to read.
Mobile Computer
Personal computer that a user can carry from place to place.
Mobile Device
Computing device small enough for a user to hold in his or her hand.
Mobile Users
Users who work on a computer while away from a main office, home office, or school.
Netbook
Type of notebook computer that is smaller, lighter, and often not as powerful as a traditional notebook computer.
network
a cluster of computers. In a network, the server computer provides network services to the client computers on that network.
Notebook Computer
Portable, personal computer often designed to fit on your lap.
Online
Describes the state of a computer when it is connected to a network.
online banking
Offers access to account balances and provides bill payment services
Online Investing
Use of a computer to buy and sell stocks and bonds online, without using a broker.
Online Social Network
Online community that encourages its members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users. See also social networking Web site.
Operating System
...The master controller on a computer; it manages the computers memory, processing, software and hardware
Output Device
A device used to output data from a computer. Includes printers, faxes, data storage drivers, screens, and plotters
PDA (Personal Digital Assistant)
Lightweight mobile device that provides personal information management functions such as a calendar, appointment book, address book, calculator, and notepad.
Personal Computer (PC)
Any computer whose price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals to use with no intervening computer operator
Picture Message
Photo or other image, sometimes along with sound and text, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device.
Podcast
A podcast is an audio RSS feed that is automatically downloaded to your computer and copied to your MP3 player.
Portable Media Player
Mobile device on which you can store, organize, and play digital media.
Power User
User who requires the capabilities of a workstation or other powerful computer, typically working with multimedia applications and using industry-specific software.
Processor
Electronic component on a computer's motherboard that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer.
Program
A __________ virus infects program executable files.
programmer
A person who writes computer programs by following a design document.
Resources
Equipment needed within a system that is used to produce the output. Can be used over and over again without being used up.
Run
Process of using software.
Server
A dedicated computer that shares resources with other computers in a network.
Small Office/ Home Office (SOHO)
Describes any company with fewer than 50 employees, as well as the self-employed who work from home.
Social Networking Web Site
Online community that encourages its members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users.
Software
a collection of computer programs that tell the computer how to perform a particular task
Storage Device
Hardware used to record (write and/or read) items to and from storage media.
Storage Media
The physical material on which a computer keeps data, instructions, and information.
Supercomputer
Fastest, largest, and most expensive of the four classes of computers currently being manufactured
System Software
Programs that control or maintain the operations of a computer and its devices.
System Unit
Case that contains the electronic components of a computer that are used to process data.
Tablet PC
Special type of notebook computer that resembles a letter-sized slate, which allows a user to write on the screen using a digital pen.
Telecommuting
Work arrangement in which employees work away from a company's standard workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer.
Telemedicine
Form of long-distance health care where health-care professionals in separate locations conduct live conferences on the computer.
Telesurgery
Surgery in which a surgeon performs an operation on a patient who is not located in the same physical room as the surgeon.
Text Message
Short note, typically fewer than 300 characters, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device.
Ultra-Mobile PC (UMPC)
Computer small enough to fit in one hand. See also handheld computer or handhelds.
User
Anyone who communicates with a computer or utilizes the information it generates.
Utility Program
Type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs.
Video Message
Short video clip, usually about 30 seconds, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device.
Video Phone
Phone that can send video messages.
WEB
The information and software that finds information stored on the global network
Web 2.0
A dynamic, interactive online environment where users are empowered to create content, review products, and edit and share information.
Web Application
Web site that allows users to access and interact with software through a Web browser on any computer or device that is connected to the Internet
Web page
can contain text,graphics,animation,audio,video, and has built-in connections, or links, to other documents, graphics, or other Web pages.
Web site
A collection of related web pages.