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Internet History


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PACKET
Data files are split up into these so that different parts of the same file can take different paths to get to the intended address
WEB
The information and software that finds information stored on the global network
Internet
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
SPUTNIK
First satelight launched into orbit around the earth
SOVIET UNION
Country that launched Sputnik
ARPA
Advanced Research Projects Agency
ascii
64 thousand characters
ARPANET
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
RAY TOMLINSON
Leader to design the system of email we use today used the @ symbol to separate user and domain
ROBERT KAHN
Leader in the development of TCP/IP introduced ARPAnet to the world in the early 1970's
TELENET
First company to use the internet for profit
COMPUSERVE
Fist company to offer public acess to the internet
DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM
Computer program that connect the text of typed in for an internet adress to the the IP adress
PRODIGY
Company offers a graphic user interface and services like email, news, weather, and stock prices to dial up internet users
Supercomputer
Fastest, largest, and most expensive of the four classes of computers currently being manufactured
NSFNET
Organization that in 1989 began to reasearch and connect packet switching networks across the globe
Tim Berners-Lee
Inventor of the World Wide Web
HTML
a special formattin language that programmers use to format documents for display on the Web. used for web page development
HTTP
HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. It is the network protocol used to deliver virtually all files and other data across the Internet.
Linus Torvalds
Chief architect of the Linux kernel, champion of open-source software. Believed in the open-source software philosophy
linux
is free... used within home and small businsess.
AL GORE
Senator who pushed for $600,000,000 investment in internet expansion in 1991
WORLDWIDEWEB
Browser offered to public by Tim Berneres-Lee in 1991
MOSAIC
Brower invented Marc Andreesen that was first to become widely popular for going on line
W3C
Organization that oversees the best practices for how to use code to make webpages
VOIP
Rules for how voice and sound files are streamed over a packet switching network
MITCHELL BAKER
Mozilla founder
CRAIG NEWMARK
Founder of Craigslist.
Code
A word that can be used in place of software or program
Algorithm
A special method for solving a specific kind of problem
FUNCTION
A named set of instructions that can be called over and over again
PARAMETER
A value that can be given to a function to get different results from the instructions
DEBUG
To fix a problem
NET NEUTRALITY
The idea there should not be a fractured internet where access to one internet or another is governed by content or payment.
JIMMY WALES
Wikipedia founder