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sum

the result of adding tow or more numbers of quantities

surface area

the total area of all the exposed surfaces of a geometric solid

trapezoid

a quadrilateral that has exactly tow parallel sides

triangle

a polygon with three sides

trinomial

a polynomial of three terms

undecagon

a polygon with eleven sides

unit multiplier

a fraction that has units and has a blue of 1. Unit multipliers are used to change the unites of a number

variable

a letter used to represent a number

vertex

in reference to a polygon, a 'corner' of the polygon

volume

Another term for a logical drive.

weighted average

in statistics, the sum of the products of values and their weights, divided by the sum of the weights

whole number

any member of the set

zero exponent

an exponent of zero, which is evaluated as follows; if x is any real number that is not zero, then x0 = 1

postulate

a statement that is assumed to be true without proof

power rule for exponents

a rule for exponents: if m, n and x are real numbers and x +? O, then (xm)n = xmn

prime factor

a factor that is a prime number

prime number

a natural number greater than 1 whose only wholes number factor are 1 and the number itself

primitive term

a basic mathematical term that cannot be defined exactly. The term is defined as best as is possible and then used to define other terms

Product

Is tangible a physical object that can be handled and stored before they are sold. ie. Bread, clothing.

product of square roots rule

a rule for evaluating products of radical expressions

product rule of exponents

a rule for exponents

proper fraction

a fraction whose numerator is less than the denominator

proportion

an equation or other statement which indicates that two ratios are equal

quadrilateral

a four-sided polygon

quotient

the number obtained by division

quotient rule for exponents

a rule for exponents

quotient rule for square roots

a rule for square roots: the root of a quotient equals the quotient of the square roots

range

a group of spreadsheet cells.

range of function

the set of all images of the elements of the domain of a function

rational expression

an algebraic expression that is written in fractional form

rational equation

an equation in which at least one term is a rational expression

rational number

any number that can be written as a quotient of integers

real numbers

numbers that contain decimal points

reciprocal

for any nonzero real number, the number in inverted rom

rectangle

a parallelogram with four right angles

regular polygon

a polygon in which all sides have the same length and all angels have the same measure

relation

a pairing that matches each element of the domain with one or more images in the range

rhombus

a parallelogram with four equal sides

right angle

an angle whose measure is 90 degrees

right triangle

a triangle that has one right angle

scalene triangle

a triangle that has no sides of equal length

circle

a planar geometric figure in which every point on the figure is the same distance from a point called the center of the circle

circumference

the distance around a circle. Also called the perimeter of the circle.

coefficient

any factor or any product of factors of a product

commutative property

a property of real numbers that notes that, for any real numbers a and b, a + b = b + a and a . b = b . a

complex fraction

a fraction whose numerator or denominator (or both) contains a fraction

concave polygon

a polygon in which one or more interior angle have a measure greater than 180 degrees

conditional equation

an equation whose truth or falsity depends on the numbers uses to replace the variables in the equation

conjunction

a statement of two conditions which must both be true in order for the statement to be true

consecutive integers

integers that are 1 unit apart

consistent equations

simultaneous equations that have a single solution. The graphs of consistent equations are lines that intersect at a single point.

constant

a memory location whose content cannot change during program execution

constant of proportionality

a constant in an equation that defines the relationship of two or more variable. For example, in the equation y = 4m2x, the number 4 is the constant of proportionality

convex polygon

a polygon in which all interior angles have a measure less than or equal to 180 degrees

coordinate

a number that is associated with a point on a graph

coordinate plane

a plane with a coordinate system that can be used to designate the position of any point in the plane

cube

a geometric solid that has six identical square faces

cubic unit

a cube having edges that measure one unit in length

curve

the path traced by a moving point

data

Business __________ theft involves stealing proprietary business INFORMATION such as research for a new drug or a list of customers that competitors are eager to acquire.

decagon

a polygon with ten sides

decimal number

a number designated by a linear arrangement of one or more of the 10 digits and that uses a decimal point to define the place value of the digits

decimal system

the system of numeration that uses decimal numbers

deductive reasoning

the process of reasoning logically from clearly stated premises to a conclusion

degree

a unit of measure for angles. A right angle is a 90 degree angle and a straight angle is a 180 degrees angle

degree of a polynomial

the degree of the nighest-degree term in the polynomial, calculated as follows: the degree of a term in a polynomial is the sum of the exponents in the term. For example, the terms x5,…

denominator

the bottom number in a fraction

dependent equations

simultaneous equations whose solution sets are equal. The graphs of dependent equations are single lines.

null set

the set that has no members, denoted by the symbol O/ or the notation ()

number

an idea that is designated by a numeral

number line

a line divided into units of equal length with one point chosen as the origin, or zero point. The numbers to the right of zero are the positive real numbers, and the numbers to…

numeral

a signal symbol or a collection of symbols that is used to express the ides of a particular number

numerator

the number or quantity above the fraction bar in a fraction

numerical coefficient

a coefficient that is a number

numerical expression

a meaningfully arrangement of numerals that has a single value

numerical factor

a factor that is a number

obtuse angle

an angle between 90 and 180 degrees

obtuse triangle

a triangle that contains an obtuse interior angle

octagon

a polygon with eight sides

odd integer

any member of the set

operation

The action that is taken by the subject over the object is called a(n) __________.

opposites

two numbers with the same absolute value but with different signs

order of operations

the ordering which operations are performed on an algebraic expression

ordered pair

a pair of numbers in a designated order that are enclosed in parentheses.

ordinate

the y coordinate of a point in a rectangular coordinate system

origin

a beginning point. On a number line or coordinate plane, the number zero is associated with the origin

outcome

a possible result in a probability problem

overall average

in statistics, the sum of all the numbers divided by the number of numbers

parallel lines

lines in the same plane that do not intersect

parallelogram

a quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides

pentagon

a five-sided polygon

percent

one part in 100

perimeter

the distance around the outside of a closed, planar geometric figure

perpendicular lines

two lines which intersect at right angles

pi

the ratio of the circumference of a fickle tot eh diameter of that circle

planar geometric figure

any figure that is drawn on a flat surface

polygon

a special kind of geometric figure

polynomial

an algebraic expression with one or more variable having only terms with real number coefficients and whole number powers of the variables

kilometer

metric unit of measurement

lateral surface area

the total area of the sides of a geometric solid

lead coefficient

of a polynomial, the coefficient of the term with the greatest exponent

least common multiple

the smallest number that can be divided evenly by each of a given set of numbers

length

the distance between two designated points in a geometric figure

like term

terms that have the same variables in the same form or in equivalent forms so that the terms represent the same number regardless of the nonzero values assigned the variables

line

in mathematics, a straight curve that has no width and no end

line segment

a part of a line that consists of two endpoints and all points between the endpoints

linear equation

a first-degree polynomial equation in one or more variables

literal coefficient

a coefficient containing only letters

literal factor

a factor that is a letter

mean

in statistics, the sum of a set of numbers divided by the number of numbers in the set

measure of central tendency

in statistics, a value that tells what number is at the center of a set of data

median

in statistics, the middle number in a set of numbers when they are arranged in order from the least to the greatest. If there is an odd number of numbers in the set, the me…

members of a set

elements of a set

meter

metric unit of measurement

millimeter

metric unit of measurement

minuend

The first number in a subtraction problem

mixed numbers

a number of the form of an integer plus a proper fraction, written without a plus sign

mode

in statistics, the number in a set of numbers that appears more than any other number

monomial

a polynomial that has only one term

multiplication

the operations of combining two numbers or quantities to form a product

multiplicative inverse

for any nonzero real number, the reciprocal of the number. The product of any nonzero real number and its multiplicative inverse is 1.

multivariable equation

an equation that contains more than on variable

natural numbers

the set of numbers that we use to count objects or things

negative exponent

an exponent preceded by a minus sign, defined as follows: If n is any real number and x is any real number that is not zero, then 1/xn = x-n

nonagon

a nine-sided polygon