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Level 131

Databases & Information Systems


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Organisation
Process that sorts the way data is ordered and represented.
Flat file database
Database that contains one table. Simplest form of database, used by most analog systems.
relational database
A database that stores data in tables that consist of rows and columns.
Hypertext
A way of presenting information so that the order in which it is read is decided by the reader.
Hypermedia
Any medium that links non-sequentially to other media.
Records
Horizontal row in table, representing a data item. Also called tuple.
Tuple
Horizontal row in table, describes a data item, also called record.
attribute
A characteristic of an entity or object. An attribute has a name and a data type.
Field
A column in a table.
Spreadsheet v Database
Sorts are done on individual columns in spreadsheets, each cell is manipulated individually. Databases manipulate records, which are described by a set of attributes.
Data type
Describes type of attribute. Data types are decided by the software or DBMS.
BLOB/Binary
List common Data Types
Decisions for Numeric v Text data type
Does the data require mathematical manipulations? If so, number is suitable.
Considerations for Text data type
Does it have a maximum character length? The smallest data type should be chosen
Considerations for Number data type
Range - signed or unsigned numbers, integer or long integer.
Telephone Book
Example of Analog Flat File Database