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Introduction to Computers & the Internet

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...A collection of raw data from the outside world that is put into the computer
...Manipulating data; exaples: bold, italicize, underline, enter formulas, edit pictures, etc.
...The results of processed data; examples: a printed paper, a presentation, audio, video, etc.
...The place where data is held when it is not needed for processing
A process in which computers share information with other computers.
Business __________ theft involves stealing proprietary business INFORMATION such as research for a new drug or a list of customers that competitors are eager to acquire.
Data converted into a meaningful and useful context
All of the physical devices that collectively constitute the item we think of as a desktop or a laptop computer
a collection of computer programs that tell the computer how to perform a particular task
Person who will use an IT project one it is finished.
Cloud computing
__________ is internet-based computing in which large groups of remote servers are networked to allow sharing of data-processing tasks, centralized data storage, and online access to computer services or resources.
embedded computer
designed to perform specific tasks or functions for that product
Mobile Device
Computing device small enough for a user to hold in his or her hand.
this generation of computers included the use of the abacus
1st generation
this generation of computers used paper punch cards and tapes for inputs
2nd generation
this generation of computers used software programs such as COBOL
3rd generation
this generation of computers used integrated circuitry
4th generation
this generation of computers used micro-processors
5th generation
this generation of computers uses artificial intelligence
Personal Computer (PC)
Any computer whose price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals to use with no intervening computer operator
Desktop Computer
Computer designed so the system unit, input devices, output devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table.
portable computer
what type of personal computer is small and designed to be carried around easily.
dumb terminal
what type of computer must be connected to a network to perform processing or storage task
Thin client
Only have basic OS, display device and input device
computing resource
computer system that is usually used for multi-user applications
super computer
powerful type of computer
a cluster of computers. In a network, the server computer provides network services to the client computers on that network.
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
internet service provider
that provides Internet access to others, typically for a fee called
Web site
A collection of related web pages.
web server
what type of server connects computers to the Internet and stores Web pages accessible through the Internet
IP Address
A(n) __________ is a number that identifies a particular device.
domain name
A __________ is a worldwide-unique name that is affiliated with a public IP address.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
A Web stie address that Web brosers recoanize
intellectual property rights
what are the legal rights to which creators of original creative works are entitled
protecting the embodiment of an idea
identifies the copyright holder
what is a word, phrase, symbol, or design that identifies goods or services
what is the process of presenting someone else's work as your own.
rules of behavior that govern a group or society.
computer ethics
what are standards of moral conduct as they relate to computer use.
business ethics
what are standards of moral conduct that guide a business's policies, decisions, and actions.
friendly manner
green computing
eco label
what is a certification, usually issued by a government agency, that identifies a device as meeting minimal environmental performance specifications
what is electronic trash or waste, such as discarded computer components.