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Level 61

Impact of the Second World War On American Society

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What was the impact of continued bombing and invasion?
The countries in Europe and the Far East suffered mass civilian casualties. Cities, factories, transportation networks, historic buildings and monuments were destroyed.
What was the impact of the war on the civilians in countries most hit by the war?
Many countries under German or Japanese occupation were subject to their control for up to 6 years. There was a shortage of food, and many people were used as slave labour. In Europe, million…
What was the impact of the war on US citizens?
It put an end to the decade-long depression. There was full employment, and very little rationing ensuring that the majority of US citizens enjoyed increased standards of living.
Why were the casualties in the USA less than in some countries in Europe for example?
Mainland USA, was too far from both Germany and Japan to be bombed. Indeed, almost all the civilian casualties that the USA suffered, estimated to be about 12,000, were caused by accidents in the workpl…
What was the impact of the war on women?
It brought new employment opportunities in the factories for producing goods for the war. By 1944, women formed more than one-third of the workforce, in jobs previously carried out almost exclusively by men. Women …
What was the impact of the war on African Americans?
They were able to advance and move from more manual jobs to take up management posts, which would have been unheard of before the war.
What was the impact on the armed forces for African Americans?
There were more African Americans in the armed forces (125,000 served oversees during the Second World War in all branches) and the first black fighter squadron was established, more popularity known as the Tuskegee Airmen.
What was the extent of social change for the African Americans?
There was still discrimination in the workplace. For example, there were several strikes at factories in Detroit by white workers against the employment in African Americans. There was also segregation in the armed forces. …
What was the treatment of Japanese Americans following the attack on Pearl Harbour?
They were discriminated against. Rumours persisted that Japanese Americans had assisted the Japanese military in the attack by sending details of the number of ships and troops stationed at Pearl Harbour.
What happened to many Japanese Americans?
The ones living in Hawaii and California were rounded up and sent to internment camps, despite the fact that a number had sons serving in the US armed forces. This was in marked contras…
What happened whilst US citizens opposed such treatment of the Japanese Americans?
Many in the state of California, where the Japanese immigrants had settled, took advantage of the situation and bought up Japanese property cheaply.
What was the extent of change?
Changes for women and African Americans were short-lived. Many women returned to their traditional roles as office workers when the men came home. In addition, despite the advances made by African Americans, segregation remaine…
What was the support for the war like?
There was a surge in propaganda to get the American public behind the war effort.
Rosie the Riveter
She was a fictional character created to encourage women to fill the vacancies in the factories and shipyards.
How did Hollywood play its part in bringing in support for the war?
By producing films designed to raise morale, such as Casablanca (1942), and documentaries aimed at informing the American public about the war, such as 'Why We Fight', a series of 11 films (1942-1945).
James Stewart
He was a high profile actor who joined the armed forces as a pilot in the Army Air Force.
What was the impact of radio and popular music?
It was influential for the support in the war. Roosevelt continued to speak to the American people through his 'fireside chats'.