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the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
the attraction between molecules that results in the rise of the surface of a liquid when in contact with a solid
Air Pressure
This is the measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface. It is strongest at the Earth's surface because more air is above you. As you move farther away from…
An economic system that emphasizes private property rights and market mechanism.
The study of water and its effects on and in the earth and in the atmosphere
preventing especially liquids to pass or diffuse through
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through cracks and pore spaces
a bend in the river's course
allowing water to pass through it
Having small spaces or holes through which liquid or air may pass.
water table
Top of the water layer under the ground is called this.
breaking down rocks
zone of aeration
Upper soil layers that hold both air and water.
zone of saturation
lower soil layers where all spaces are filled with water
physical weathering
occurs when mechanical processes break down rock
Measurement of the salt dissolved in water
Vertical Currents
Deep Currents, caused by difference in density. Altered by temperture and salinty
Ocean Surface Currents
streamlike movements of water that occur at or near the surface of the ocean
the large, circular surface-current pattern found in each ocean
Specific Heat Capacity
Amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one unit mass of a substance by 1° C.
the great pacific garbage patch
accumulation of trash in the pacific ocean, twice the size of texas
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface
tributary system
A group of streams that contribute water to another stream.
trunk system
a major river, fed by a number of fairly large tributaries; the main stream in a river system
river basin
An area of land that drains into a major river
water shed
area of land that drains water from higher land to lower land and into a stream
big saturated area under water
drilled down to zone of saturation and water is pumped up
n. a place where water is stored for future use
north carolina river basin
the land water flows across or under on its way to a river.
salt-water intrusion
near the coast, over-pumping of groundwater causes saltwater to move into the aquifer
Harmful substances in the air, water, or soil
Ecosystems of several types in which vegetation is surrounded by standing water during part of the year
sewer systems
waste water systems
non-point pollution
water pollution that does not have a specific point of origin
point pollution
pollution that comes from a specific site
storm runoff
Polluted rain water that doesn't seep into the ground, but washes into storm drains.
Pollution made up of dirt particles
Ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it
Loose materials such as rock fragments, mineral grains, and bits of shell that have been moved by wind, water, ice, or gravity
pieces of rock
A naturally occurring grainy material made of finely divided rock and mineral particles; the most common ingredient is silica
flood water spread
Lowering of the sea floor in the Gulf of Mexico.
below the surface
All of the water on Earth
Any separation of charge into distinct positive and negative regions
An attraction between molecules of different substances
surface tension
The force that acts on the surface of a liquid and that tends to minimize the area of the surface.
specific heat
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree celcius
Something that dissolves solutes
Something dissolved in a substance
Matter with tightly packed molecules
Matter with molecules that have room to move
Surface Water
Water on the surface of the planet
comparative advantage
situation where a country produces goods more efficiently than another country (relative to other goods)
Solid to liquid
Water Molecular Formula
Water that is safe to ingest
% of Earth Freshwater
capillary action
A proccess powered by adhesion that causes water molecules to move upward through a narrow tube such as the stem of a plant.
ground water
rainwater stored in rocks and the soil which can flow back to the river or the sea through permeable rock
a stream or river that flows into a larger river
A region or area bounded peripherally by a divide and draining ultimately to a particular watercourse or body of water
Run Off
water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground
Meandering Stream
Streams that have channels with many curves
the size of rock a stream carries. bigger = more erosion.
We use this to find things in the ocean
A vehicle used to view the underwater ocean
the upward movement of water toward the surface
sunlight zone
Uppermost layer of the ocean
twilight zone
Layer of the ocean with minimal light
midnight zone
Uppermost layer of the ocean that has no light
abyssal zone
Deep ocean zone
hadal zone
Ocean trench zone
Hydrothermal Vent
A vent at the bottom of the ocean that shoots out minerals and warm water
Oceanic Ridges
A crack in the ocean floor that is usually at a fault line
carbon dioxide
Respiration, combustion of fossil fuels, burning of rainforests and plant life
photic zone
upper zone of the ocean
We use the ocean for things like swimming and diving
a way of getting from one place to another
Reservoir of Heat
The ocean can contain a lot of heat inside of it
Process that uses light energy to power chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and carbohydrates
the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between living cells and their environment
Blue baby syndrome, carcinogenic water pollutant