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Level 8

Geographical Methods


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ask
Questions about what's being studied
acquire
Collect information that will help answer your question
analyze
Interpret data that's been collected
arrange
Chart or graph the data that's been collected
apply
The solution or application... Based on the analysis of information gathered
What is and what is the purpose of a map
a diagram representation of the earth's surface (or part of it) the purpose is to navigate a certain place on earth
What is and what is the purpose of a general purpose map
information about what places are like using symbols and landmarks the purpose is to navigate an area based on these principals
a map that shows the surface features of an area
What is and what is the purpose of a topographic map
What is and what is the purpose of a thematic map
a map that shows a particular theme, or topic and helps distinguish areas apart for different reasons
5 decimal places
how many decimal places do you move when converting cm-km
Average sea level
what does A.L.S.stand for
what does R.F. stand for
A ratio or representative fraction
list essentials of a map
title, compass rose, scale, legend, border
What are Canada's time zones from west to east
pacific standard time, mountain standard time, eastern standard time, atlantic standard time, newfoundland standard time
YT
Whitehorse(PST)
BC
Vancouver, Victoria(PST)
AB
Edmonton, Calgary(MST)
NWT
Yellowknife(MST)
Saskatchewan
Regina, Saskatoon(CST)
NVT
Iqaluit(CST)
ON
Toronto, Ottawa(EST)
QB
Montreal, Quebec(EST)
NB
Fredericton(AST)
NFLD
St. Johns(NST)
NVS
Halifax(AST)
P.E.I.
Charlottetown(AST)
What is a map
a diagram representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)
What is a general purpose map
information about what places are like using symbols and landmarks
What is a topographic map
a map that shows the surface features of an area
What is a thematic map
a map that shows a particular theme, or topic
altitude
height of a point in relation to sea level
aerial photograph
photograph taken from the air
aspect
direction in which a slope faces
contours
lines on a map connecting places at the same altitude
GIS
Geographical Information Systems - a system that captures stores analyses manages and displays geographical information
ground condition
nature of the soil and immediate sub surface material
hypothesis
testable statement
location
the first theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project; the geographical situation of people and things
oblique aerial photograph
aerial photograph taken from an angle
Relief
The difference between the elevations of two features
satellite image
photograph taken from a satellite in space
Scale
A drawing showing measurements that help you estimate actual distances
site
ground occupied by a settlement
situation
location of a settlement relative to its surroundings
sketch map
simple map that emphasises particular features
topography
variations in relief
tectonic plates
Sections of the Earth's crust that move due to convection currents.
Boulton (1983)
What later research supports Oakley's findings?
arsenic
(n.) - A poisonous substance often used to exterminate insects or rodent
transform
the boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other horizontally in opposite directions; San Andreas, earthquakes
volcano
a fissure in the earth's crust (or in the surface of some other planet) through which molten lava and gases erupt
river
a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)
canyons
deep valleys with steep sides
valleys
low land between hills or mountains
archipelago
a group of islands grouped closely together
Isthmus
what is the term that describes a narrow slip of land between two larger bodies of water?
cape
a narrow, curved area of land extending into an ocean or lake
plain
a broad, level area of land
glacier
a large ice mass that moves slowly down a mountain or over land
harbor
a sheltered area of water, a safe docking place for ships
Island
what is the term for a piece of land that is totally surrounded by water?
strait
a narrow strip of water connecting two large bodies of water; the opposite of an isthmus
steppe
A vast semiarid grass-covered plain, as found in southeast Europe, Siberia, and central North America
Alfred Weber
Least Cost Theory; best place to locate an industry to minimize costs of transportation and labor considers 3 factors: material index (ratio of weights of raw materials to finished products), labor (skilled v. unskilled, …
savanna
a region containing scattered trees and vegetation
oasis
a spot of fertile land in a desert, fed by water from wells or underground springs
plateau
a broad, flat area of land higher than the surrounding land
mountain range
a series of more or less connected mountains ranged in a line
tributary
a stream or river that flows into a larger river
canyon
A deep valley with steep sides, often with a stream flowing through it
cataract
a large, powerful waterfall
mesa
a wide flat-topped mountain with steep sides, found mostly in dry areas
Adjustment disorder
When someone is in crisis over normative stress.
valley
low land between hills or mountains
Climate
The average weather that occurs in a given region over a long period-typically over several decades
river mouth
the place where a river flows into a lake or ocean