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Atmospheric Composition


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Atmosphere
This is a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth. In addition to containing the oxygen you need to breathe, it protects you from the sun's damaging rays and is always changing.
Meteorologist
A person who studies weather and its atmospheric patterns
Weather
The atmospheres condition at a given time and place with respect to temperate, moisture, wind, and barometric pressure
troposphere
the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere; contains approximately 75% of the atmosphere's mass and 99% of its water vapor and gasses.
stratosphere
a region in the uppermost atmosphere where temperature increases along with the altitude due to the absorption of solar ultraviolet radiation by ozone.
Mesosphere
-"Strong" (or middle) sphere
thermosphere (location)
This is the upper atmospheric layer. In this layer temperature increases with altitude. The temperatures in this layer can reach 1,000 degrees Celsius (around 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit). Even though the temperature is very hig…
ionosphere
lower layer of the thermosphere
Aurora Borealis
Northern Lights
Aurora Australis
Southern Lights
Hadley Cells
Vertical convection currents. Low pressure circulation
Solar Radiation
Stored in materials like water and soil
Stratopause
The transition between the Stratosphere and Mesosphere
Latent Heat
The stored energy released when water changes form.
Jet Stream
a long narrow current of fast moving air found in the upper atmospheric levels
Wind Chill Factor
the rate of heat lost from exposed skin compared to surrounding air temperatures
Air Pressure
This is the measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface. It is strongest at the Earth's surface because more air is above you. As you move farther away from…
Barometer
Device that measures air pressure in millibars
Millibar
Centimeter of mercury
Isobars
A line connecting areas of the same atmospheric pressure
Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
Relative Humidity
The link between the air's temperature and the amount of water vapor it contains
Weak Tornadoes
F0/F1
Chelyabinsk-65
Nuclear weapons plant in the Ural Mountains.
Hurricane
Starts as thunderstorms over tropical oceans in the Atlantic or eastern Pacific Oceans. Water must be over 26.5 C
Tropical Depression
The drop of barometric pressure that is the first phase of hurricane formation
Tropical Storm
Second phase of hurricane formation
Wind shear
The sudden change in the winds direction or speed with increasing altitude
Typhoons
Severe storms forming over the Pacific Ocean and Philippines
A mud slump
What is a landslide of mud on a rotational surface?
biome
have a particular combination of average annual temperature and annual precipitation and contain distinctive plant growth forms that are adapted to that climate