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New World Urban Geography


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Palimpsest
Again Scraped. [A palimpse…
Teotihuacan
is [an enormous archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico, 30 miles (48 km)] northeast of Mexico City [containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas. The name means "where…
Confederacy, OK - AZ
In what area of the country was there no urbanization in 1910?
Hinterlands
(a region that is remote from cities or their cultural influence but) connected through trade to the Entrepot Cities
Inland Gateways (example)
(Chicago, St. Louis) bulking points for frontier towns
(Ms. Herrington)
Cause: creation of Israel taking over Arab territory and land fighting over the Palestine area
Mercantile / Central Place Model
Imperial countries, coastal colonies (& slave areas)
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
What is the oldest European city in the Americas?
St. Augustine (1565), Santa Fe (1609)
Which is older? St. Augustine FL or Santa Fe NM ?
Where are cities built? Examples?
Ports (NY), Bridges, Confluences (Phx), Headwaters (Minneapolis), Portages (Chicago)
negative
Labour Shortage - Mostly people of working age that emigrate
Water.
Where were cities located in the 1830's, entrepot & hinterland both?
High ground to avoid floods.
What do Lowell, Albany, New Orleans & Brooklyn have in common topographically?
What are the rivers of Pittsburgh?
Monongahela, Allegheny, (combining to form) Ohio
16,73%
Proportion of coal to iron ore?
porkopolis
Cincinatti nickname
What happenned to the Chicago (& Calumet) River(s) in 1900?
Reversal (from Lake Michigan into the Des Plaines-Mississippi River network).
What created San Fransisco?
(1849'ers) gold (rush, then the Nevada) Comstock (silver strike.)
Philadelphia.
What was the first city in North America to have a grid?
breaks
What "divides" street grids?
St. Louis, Baltimore, Bangor, Milwalkee
4 cities ~boxing in the manufacturing belt of 1910.
Manufacturing Belt
In what area of the country were the top cities of 1910?
NY, Philly, Boston, Baltimore
What cities have always been in the top 10?
Give an example of urbanization by religion?
Minneapolis is Lutheran, St. Paul is Catholic.
What is the etymology of cop?
5 Points, NY, police copper badges
Gold Mountain
What was the translation of the Chinese word for California?
Where were the first Chinatowns, 1850s -1920s
SF & NY (San Fransisco & New York)
1882
What was the year of the Chinese Exclusion Act?
Chinatown
What was the first ethnically defined community?
Seattle
Origin of the term, "Skid Row"
Sports Fan, etymology
Taking a fancy to sports.
abiotic (physical) environment
the earth itself
suburb
a residential district located on the outskirts of a city
Charles Elton
was a young British ecologist. stated that you had to understand the functional relationships between its organisms
metropolitan area
a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
megalopolis
a very large urban complex (usually involving several cities and towns)
urbanization
the growth of cities and the migration of people into them
CBD (Central buisness district)
Heart of a city
Urban Health
The health of a population that lives and works closely together.
Agricultural Revolution
The development of a crop and animal raising as a food source among human communities yo supplment hunting and gathering.
urban geography
The study of how people use space in cities
Towns
an urban area that has a name, defined boundaries, and local government, and that is larger than a village and generally smaller than a city. Developed after feudalism was demolished
Villages
A small community or group of houses usually smaller than a town. (Agricultural Villages started 10,000 years ago)
Metropolis
people living in a large densely populated municipality
urban
relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area
Social Stratification
one of two components, together with agricultural surplus, which enables the formation of cities; the differentiation of society into classes based on wealth, power, production, and prestige. Society is layered like a caste system. (Ex. Workers and Leaders)
Indus River Valley
Harappa and Mehenjo-Daro, house equal in size, no places and no monument, very communal
Huang He River Valley
Created the Great Wall to fend off Mongolians, Hierarchy, Purposefully planned cities, Cities built on North-South Axis, Temples and Palaces.
Mesoamerica
Divine Authority- God-like, Mayan Aztec civilizations, big cities, large temples.
Roman Empire- Greek Cites
500 BCE, highly urbanized, planned cities, public buildings, temples, network of cities leadership class, Greek cities had Acropolis/ Agora, purposeful, cultural, built environment.
Acropolis
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Agora
a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
Roman Empire- Roman Cites
500-1300 AD Connected by roads, connected because of trade, Forum of Acropolis and Agora, extreme wealth/ extreme poverty. Planned, Connected, and Trade
Industrialization
Period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing.
2nd Urban Revolution
18th- 19th century. Large scale movement of people to cites to work specifically in manufacturing (1st revolution for trade). Was during the Industrial Revolution, went hand in hand with the 2nd Agricultural Revolution.
Mercantalism
Capitalist system, state regulated trade and industries., Economic system of trading nations; belief that a nation's power was directly related to its wealth
Colonialism
the establishment and exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one.
Brezhnev Doctrine (1968):
doctrine created by Leonid Brezhnev that held that the SU had the right to intervene in any East Bloc country when necessary to preserve Communist rule
Site/Absolute Location
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
Site/Static Location
location based on trade, defense, religion, and resources.
Situation- Relative
A city's place in a religion, TRADE AREA, Sphere of Influence,
Sphere of Influence
An area, usually around a seaport, where a nation had special trading privileges. Each nation made laws for its own citizens in its own sphere.
central place theory
Theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains how and where central places in the urban hierarchy should be functionally and spatially distributed with respect to one another.
Hexagonal Hinterlands
A model of central places developed by A. Lösch (1954) which is less narrow than that of Christaller, in that it treats the range, threshold, and hexagonal hinterland of each function separately. The resulting pat…
Urban Morphology
the study of the physical form and structure of urban places. Layout of cities, physical form, and structure. Industrial and Residential planning.
Conceptions of time
- Saigon's edge